Next Article in Journal
Confidence in Health-Services Availability during Disasters and Emergency Situations—Does it Matter?—Lessons Learned from an Israeli Population Survey
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Time-of-Day-Exercise in Group Settings on Level of Mood and Depression of Former Elite Male Athletes
Previous Article in Journal
Association of the Individual and Context Inequalities on the Breastfeeding: A Study from the Sicily Region
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Associations of Vitamin D Status with Athletic Performance and Blood-borne Markers in Adolescent Athletes: A Cross-Sectional Study
Article

The Influence of Tobacco Use on Pulmonary Function in Elite Athletes

1
Serbian Institute of Sport and Sports Medicine, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Center for Sports Medicine and Exercise Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
3
Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases—Clinical Center of Serbia, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
4
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Augustenburger Platz 1, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 13353 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3515; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16193515
Received: 11 August 2019 / Revised: 8 September 2019 / Accepted: 20 September 2019 / Published: 20 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
Objective: We sought to investigate the prevalence of smoking and lung function in the large cohort of elite athletes. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 804 athletes competing at international level who were consecutively examined from January to December 2017. Elite athletes were classified in four groups of sport disciplines (skill, power, endurance and mixed): skill (n = 141), power (n = 107), endurance (n = 105) and mixed sport disciplines (n = 451). All participants underwent pre-participation screening, including spirometry. Results: Study included 745 (92.7%) non-smokers, 20 (2.5%) former smokers and 39 (4.8%) active smokers. The percentage of body fat was higher and the percentage of muscle was lower in active smokers than in non-smokers and former smokers. Active smokers were more prevalent among skill and mixed than in power and endurance sports. FEV1 and FVC, as well as FEV1/FVC ratio, were significantly lower in active smokers than in non-smokers. There was no significant difference in PEF assessed in absolute values and in percentages. Forced expiratory flows, evaluated at the usual intervals (25%, 50% and 75% of FVC), were significantly lower in active smokers than in non-smokers. FEV1 and MEF25 were the lowest among active smokers in the skill sport group, whereas FEV1/FVC, MEF50 and MEF25 were the lowest among active smokers in the power sport group. In mixed and endurance disciplines there was no difference in pulmonary function between non-smokers, former smokers and active smokers. Conclusions: Pulmonary function was reduced in active smokers and these differences were the most prominent in skill and power sports. The percentage of body fat was the highest and percentage of muscle was the lowest in active smokers. View Full-Text
Keywords: athletes; smoking; lung function; body composition athletes; smoking; lung function; body composition
MDPI and ACS Style

Đorđević Šaranović, S.; Vićić, J.; Pešić, I.; Tomović, M.; Batinić, Đ.; Antić, M.; Tadic, M.; Mazić, S. The Influence of Tobacco Use on Pulmonary Function in Elite Athletes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3515. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16193515

AMA Style

Đorđević Šaranović S, Vićić J, Pešić I, Tomović M, Batinić Đ, Antić M, Tadic M, Mazić S. The Influence of Tobacco Use on Pulmonary Function in Elite Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(19):3515. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16193515

Chicago/Turabian Style

Đorđević Šaranović, Slavica, Jelisaveta Vićić, Ika Pešić, Milena Tomović, Đorđe Batinić, Milena Antić, Marijana Tadic, and Sanja Mazić. 2019. "The Influence of Tobacco Use on Pulmonary Function in Elite Athletes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 19: 3515. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16193515

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop