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Article

Knowledge, Skills, and Support Needed by Teaching Personnel for Managing Challenging Situations with Pupils

1
Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
2
School of Nursing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3646; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16193646
Received: 20 August 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 28 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue School Health and Wellbeing)
It is not uncommon for teachers to face challenging behavioral issues in their classrooms, including disruptive, aggressive, or insulting behavior toward peers or adults. In this paper, we describe what knowledge, skills, and support is needed among teaching personnel to manage challenging situations with pupils. This study was carried out in one comprehensive school in Southwest Finland. Two focus group interviews were conducted with teaching personnel (schoolteachers and classroom assistants, N = 16). The participants also wrote short texts about challenging situations they had experienced. The qualitative data were analyzed with inductive content analysis. According to the results, the teaching personnel needed better knowledge about the factors affecting pupils’ behavior and about good practices to apply with pupils in challenging situations. Moreover, the personnel lacked the skills needed to anticipate and recognize pupils’ moods and signs of mental distress, and expressed the desire for support from mental health professionals. Teachers with adequate knowledge about the factors linked to behavioral issues are more capable of promoting environments conducive to positive interactions with their pupils, thereby limiting challenging situations. When developing education and support for teaching personnel, collaboration between education and mental health professionals is essential. View Full-Text
Keywords: comprehensive school; teaching personnel; pupil; challenging situation; mental health; focus group interview comprehensive school; teaching personnel; pupil; challenging situation; mental health; focus group interview
MDPI and ACS Style

Markkanen, P.; Anttila, M.; Välimäki, M. Knowledge, Skills, and Support Needed by Teaching Personnel for Managing Challenging Situations with Pupils. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3646. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16193646

AMA Style

Markkanen P, Anttila M, Välimäki M. Knowledge, Skills, and Support Needed by Teaching Personnel for Managing Challenging Situations with Pupils. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(19):3646. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16193646

Chicago/Turabian Style

Markkanen, Pihla, Minna Anttila, and Maritta Välimäki. 2019. "Knowledge, Skills, and Support Needed by Teaching Personnel for Managing Challenging Situations with Pupils" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 19: 3646. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16193646

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