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The State of Animal-Assisted Interventions: Addressing the Contemporary Issues That Will Shape the Future

1
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona- Department of Education 3801 W Temple Ave, Pomona, CA 91768, USA
2
Center for Human-Animal Bond, College Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
3
University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine, 2407 River Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3997; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16203997
Received: 27 September 2019 / Revised: 15 October 2019 / Accepted: 16 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Psycho-Social Impact of Human-Animal Interactions)
As the worldwide popularity of animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) increases, the field is quickly approaching a paradigm shift, adjusting its image to incorporate more evidence-based research and aligning its purpose for advancing a new future. Contemporary critical issues that confront the field today include, but are not limited, to research, animal welfare, practice guidelines, and public policy. This article will provide an overview of the history of AAI and the major milestones that the field has undergone. The current state of AAI research will be scrutinized, and the areas that warrant further study will be recommended. Special attention will be given to the current state of animal welfare in AAI, the research that has been done in the area, and practice guidelines that safeguard animal wellbeing. This article will then discuss how evidence-based research and animal welfare guidelines inform the development of comprehensive professional standards and influence changes in public policy regarding AAI. The authors’ perceptions for the field’s future trajectory will be presented, which will include solutions to move the field in the direction that best advances the human-animal bond in research, practice, and public perception. View Full-Text
Keywords: Animal-Assisted Interventions; animal welfare; professionalization; public policy; human animal interactions Animal-Assisted Interventions; animal welfare; professionalization; public policy; human animal interactions
MDPI and ACS Style

Fine, A.H.; Beck, A.M.; Ng, Z. The State of Animal-Assisted Interventions: Addressing the Contemporary Issues That Will Shape the Future. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3997. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16203997

AMA Style

Fine AH, Beck AM, Ng Z. The State of Animal-Assisted Interventions: Addressing the Contemporary Issues That Will Shape the Future. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(20):3997. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16203997

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fine, Aubrey H., Alan M. Beck, and Zenithson Ng. 2019. "The State of Animal-Assisted Interventions: Addressing the Contemporary Issues That Will Shape the Future" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 20: 3997. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16203997

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