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Article

Quasi-Randomized Trial of Effects of Perioperative Oral Hygiene Instruction on Inpatients with Heart Diseases Using a Behavioral Six-Step Method

1
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Okayama University graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, Japan
2
Department of Oral Health Sciences, Baika Women’s University, Ibaraki 567-8578, Japan
3
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kagawa University Hospital, Kagawa 761-0793, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4252; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16214252
Received: 1 October 2019 / Revised: 29 October 2019 / Accepted: 30 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health and Diseases)
The assessor-blinded, parallel-design, quasi-randomized study (alternating allocation) aimed to determine the effects of the six-step method on postoperative numbers of oral bacteria, periodontal status, and atrial fibrillation (AF) among inpatients with heart diseases and periodontitis. Seventy inpatients who received preoperative periodontal treatment were quasi-randomly assigned to intervention and control groups at University Hospital. The intervention group received intensive oral hygiene instruction using a six-step method for 15 minutes per week and the control group received routine oral hygiene instruction. Significantly fewer oral bacteria were identified on the tongue at discharge compared with baseline in the intervention than the control group (ANCOVA) (large effect size, p = 0.02). Changes in scores for self-efficacy, plaque scores, probed pocket depth, and bleeding on probing between baseline and discharge were significantly greater in the intervention, than in the control group (p < 0.05). The period of postoperative AF (days) was significantly shorter in the intervention, than in the control group (p = 0.019). In conclusion, oral hygiene instruction using the six-step method decreased the numbers of oral bacteria on the tongue and improved self-efficacy, oral health behaviors, oral hygiene status, periodontal status, and period of postoperative AF among inpatients with periodontitis and heart diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral hygiene instruction; perioperative period; self-efficacy; six-step method oral hygiene instruction; perioperative period; self-efficacy; six-step method
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MDPI and ACS Style

Omori, C.; Ekuni, D.; Ohbayashi, Y.; Miyake, M.; Morita, M. Quasi-Randomized Trial of Effects of Perioperative Oral Hygiene Instruction on Inpatients with Heart Diseases Using a Behavioral Six-Step Method. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4252. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16214252

AMA Style

Omori C, Ekuni D, Ohbayashi Y, Miyake M, Morita M. Quasi-Randomized Trial of Effects of Perioperative Oral Hygiene Instruction on Inpatients with Heart Diseases Using a Behavioral Six-Step Method. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(21):4252. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16214252

Chicago/Turabian Style

Omori, Chie, Daisuke Ekuni, Yumiko Ohbayashi, Minoru Miyake, and Manabu Morita. 2019. "Quasi-Randomized Trial of Effects of Perioperative Oral Hygiene Instruction on Inpatients with Heart Diseases Using a Behavioral Six-Step Method" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 21: 4252. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16214252

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