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Article

Determinants of Hurricane Evacuation from a Large Representative Sample of the U.S. Gulf Coast

1
Program in Epidemiology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
2
Department of Marine Sciences, Texas A&M University at Galveston, Galveston, TX 77554, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4268; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16214268
Received: 8 October 2019 / Revised: 27 October 2019 / Accepted: 1 November 2019 / Published: 3 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disasters and Their Consequences for Public Health)
Exposure to natural disasters like hurricanes negatively impacts the mental and physical health of populations, and evacuation is an important step taken to prevent these adverse health events. This study uses data from a large representative sample of U.S. Gulf Coast residents to explore the determinants of hurricane evacuation. In December 2017, data were collected from 3030 residents of the U.S. Gulf Coast, including Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida—2557 of whom reported being impacted during the 2017 hurricane season. Bivariate analyses were conducted using prevalence differences and tested for statistical significance with chi-square tests. Multivariable logistic regression models were fitted to identify factors associated with hurricane evacuation. One-third of the respondents (919 of 2557; 35.9%) evacuated from a hurricane that impacted the U.S. Gulf Coast in 2017. The determinants of hurricane evacuation in this population were: residing in a mobile home, higher perception of storm surge risk, higher perception of wind risk, self-sufficiency, carrying flood insurance, and reliance on media and family for evacuation decisions. These findings may be relevant for reducing the adverse health effects of hurricanes by improving emergency planning and evacuation in this highly vulnerable region. View Full-Text
Keywords: hurricane; evacuation; U.S. Gulf Coast; disaster; vulnerability hurricane; evacuation; U.S. Gulf Coast; disaster; vulnerability
MDPI and ACS Style

Karaye, I.M.; Horney, J.A.; Retchless, D.P.; Ross, A.D. Determinants of Hurricane Evacuation from a Large Representative Sample of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4268. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16214268

AMA Style

Karaye IM, Horney JA, Retchless DP, Ross AD. Determinants of Hurricane Evacuation from a Large Representative Sample of the U.S. Gulf Coast. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(21):4268. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16214268

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karaye, Ibraheem M., Jennifer A. Horney, David P. Retchless, and Ashley D. Ross 2019. "Determinants of Hurricane Evacuation from a Large Representative Sample of the U.S. Gulf Coast" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 21: 4268. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16214268

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