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Article

Professional and Volunteer Refugee Aid Workers–Depressive Symptoms and Their Predictors, Experienced Traumatic Events, PTSD, Burdens, Engagement Motivators and Support Needs

1
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Schwabachanlage 6, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
2
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Paracelsus Medical University Nürnberg, Prof.-Ernst-Nathan-Str. 1, 90419 Nürnberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4542; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224542
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 9 November 2019 / Published: 17 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Health and Wellbeing of Migrant Populations)
In 2016, the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy of the University Hospital of Erlangen started conducting training for professional and voluntary aid workers. In total, 149 aid workers took part in the training courses, of which 135 completed the corresponding questionnaires. Engagement motivators, perceived distress in refugee work and training needs were examined. Moreover, depressive symptoms, the prevalence of traumatic experiences and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder were explored. Participants named helping others as the highest motivating factor for their work with refugees and communication problems as the main burden. Thirteen aid workers (10.1%) showed clinically relevant depressive symptoms. In total, 91.4% of refugee aid workers had experienced at least one traumatic event personally or as a witness but only three (3.6%) fulfilled the psychometric requirements of a PTSD diagnosis. These three participants all belonged to the professional aid workers (6.3%). More severe symptoms of depression were significantly associated with female gender (β = 0.315, p = 0.001), higher perceived burdens of refugee work (β = 0.294, p = 0.002), and a larger number of experienced traumatic events (β = 0.357, p < 0.001). According to our results, we recommend psychological trainings and regular screenings for psychological stress in order to counteract possible mental illnesses. View Full-Text
Keywords: Germany; refugee aid workers; depression; traumatic experiences; PTSD; burdens; engagement motivators; support needs; trainings Germany; refugee aid workers; depression; traumatic experiences; PTSD; burdens; engagement motivators; support needs; trainings
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MDPI and ACS Style

Borho, A.; Georgiadou, E.; Grimm, T.; Morawa, E.; Silbermann, A.; Nißlbeck, W.; Erim, Y. Professional and Volunteer Refugee Aid Workers–Depressive Symptoms and Their Predictors, Experienced Traumatic Events, PTSD, Burdens, Engagement Motivators and Support Needs. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4542. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224542

AMA Style

Borho A, Georgiadou E, Grimm T, Morawa E, Silbermann A, Nißlbeck W, Erim Y. Professional and Volunteer Refugee Aid Workers–Depressive Symptoms and Their Predictors, Experienced Traumatic Events, PTSD, Burdens, Engagement Motivators and Support Needs. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(22):4542. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224542

Chicago/Turabian Style

Borho, Andrea, Ekaterini Georgiadou, Theresa Grimm, Eva Morawa, Andrea Silbermann, Winfried Nißlbeck, and Yesim Erim. 2019. "Professional and Volunteer Refugee Aid Workers–Depressive Symptoms and Their Predictors, Experienced Traumatic Events, PTSD, Burdens, Engagement Motivators and Support Needs" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 22: 4542. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224542

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