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Article

Analysis of Health in Environmental Assessments—A Literature Review and Survey with a Focus on Denmark

1
Department of Social Science and Business, Roskilde University, Universitetsvej 1, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
2
Fischer-Bonde Consulting, Asger Rygs Gade 18, 2.tv, 1727 København V, Denmark
3
Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrsvej 9-10, 6700 Esbjerg, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4570; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224570
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 14 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 18 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health in EIA/SEA)
In the European Union, the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive (2014/52/EU) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directive (2011/92/EU) emphasise the assessment of population and human health. The directives require health to be considered within Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). To date, health is mainly considered in connection with negative environmental factors and in terms of risk assessments. The integration of health in EIA as well as SEA has not been investigated in a Danish context, and this study aims to address the missing knowledge. There is a need for a more comprehensive health assessment within EIA and SEA to comply with the EIA and SEA directives. An integration of health into EIA and SEA will ensure a sound examination of health determinants which can improve decision making and thus comprehensively promote and protect health. To establish the status of the inclusion of the assessment of impacts on health into EIA and SEA, a literature review was performed. In addition, a survey addressed to researchers and practitioners was conducted and analysed through a comparative analysis. The survey examined the needs of practitioners and researchers, focusing on the Danish context, regarding the inclusion of health into EIA and SEA. Enhanced intersectoral cooperation of the health and environmental sectors, more specific guidance documents, and underlying this, stronger political support, were identified among needs for more comprehensive health assessments. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental impact assessment; strategic environmental assessment; health assessment; comparative analysis; policy review environmental impact assessment; strategic environmental assessment; health assessment; comparative analysis; policy review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Humboldt-Dachroeden, S.; Fischer-Bonde, B.; Gulis, G. Analysis of Health in Environmental Assessments—A Literature Review and Survey with a Focus on Denmark. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4570. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224570

AMA Style

Humboldt-Dachroeden S, Fischer-Bonde B, Gulis G. Analysis of Health in Environmental Assessments—A Literature Review and Survey with a Focus on Denmark. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(22):4570. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224570

Chicago/Turabian Style

Humboldt-Dachroeden, Sarah, Birgitte Fischer-Bonde, and Gabriel Gulis. 2019. "Analysis of Health in Environmental Assessments—A Literature Review and Survey with a Focus on Denmark" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 22: 4570. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224570

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