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Article

What Do Olympic Shooters Think about Physical Training Factors and Their Performance?

1
Sport Department, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte-INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Sport Department, Instituto Superior de Ciências Educativas (ISCE), 2620-379 Ramada, Portugal
3
Postgraduate Management, Facultad de Cultura Física, Universidad Central del Ecuador, Quito 171103, Ecuador
4
ImFINE Research Group, Health and Human Performance Department, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte-INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(23), 4629; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16234629
Received: 17 October 2019 / Revised: 11 November 2019 / Accepted: 19 November 2019 / Published: 21 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Exercise and Sports Performance)
Background: Many aspects affect precision sports like shooting. Skills such as strength and balance are related to shooting performance and therefore, they should be trained. Thus, planned physical workouts can help to improve Olympic Shooting performance. The main objective of this study was to determine elite shooters’ perspective about fitness trainings. Methods: Eight elite international shooters were interviewed using a semi-structured script validated by an expert shooting committee. Their responses were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative methods. The following categories were obtained: fitness training importance on performance, fitness professional support, precompetitive fitness exercises’ orientation and intensity, main motor abilities, recovery process, fitness evaluation and test and physical training influence on the psychological state. Results: The results suggest that athletes consider physical training as a key factor in their performance. Shooters mainly train strength and endurance exercises, depending on the competitions schedule. However, no consensus exists regarding the professional in charge of fitness trainings, nor the recovery methods to minimize performance losses. In addition, general balance trainings or physical condition tests to evaluate the training progress do not seem to be used. Conclusion: We conclude that there should be greater control of fitness training and recovery processes in Olympic shooting. View Full-Text
Keywords: pistol; qualitative; elite; sport management; fitness coach; shooting; recovery; testing; motor abilities; psychological state pistol; qualitative; elite; sport management; fitness coach; shooting; recovery; testing; motor abilities; psychological state
MDPI and ACS Style

Mon-López, D.; Moreira da Silva, F.; Calero Morales, S.; López-Torres, O.; Lorenzo Calvo, J. What Do Olympic Shooters Think about Physical Training Factors and Their Performance? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4629. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16234629

AMA Style

Mon-López D, Moreira da Silva F, Calero Morales S, López-Torres O, Lorenzo Calvo J. What Do Olympic Shooters Think about Physical Training Factors and Their Performance? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(23):4629. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16234629

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mon-López, Daniel, Francisco Moreira da Silva, Santiago Calero Morales, Olga López-Torres, and Jorge Lorenzo Calvo. 2019. "What Do Olympic Shooters Think about Physical Training Factors and Their Performance?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 23: 4629. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16234629

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