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Article

Subtyping of Adolescents with School Refusal Behavior: Exploring Differences Across Profiles in Self-Concept

1
Department of Development Psychology and Teaching, University of Alicante, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
2
Department of Development Psychology and Education University of Murcia, 30003 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(23), 4780; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16234780
Received: 2 October 2019 / Revised: 19 November 2019 / Accepted: 26 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emotional and Behavioural Adjustment in Adolescence)
Not all adolescents with school attendance problems attribute their behavior to the same causes. Knowing the subtypes of students who reject school and their relationship with new variables, such as self-concept, is an unresolved task. This study aimed to identify different school refusal behavior profiles and to determine whether these profiles differed from each other based on the scores of the eleven dimensions of self-concept (Physical appearance, Physical abilities, Parent relations, Same-sex relations, Opposite-sex relations, Honesty, Emotional stability, Self-esteem, Verbal, Math, and General school). The participants were 1315 Spanish students (57.6% male) aged 12–18 years (M = 15.21; SD = 1.74). The School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised and the Self-Description Questionnaire II-Short Form were administered. A latent class analysis revealed four school refusal behavior profiles: Moderately High School Refusal Behavior, Moderately Low School Refusal Behavior, Mixed School Refusal Behavior and Non-School Refusal Behavior. The results indicated that the Mixed School Refusal Behavior group was the most maladaptive profile and revealed the lowest mean scores on self-concept. In contrast, Non-School Refusal and Moderately Low School Refusal Behavior groups revealed the highest scores in all dimensions of self-concept. Implications for working toward the prevention of school refusal in students with low self-concept are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: school refusal behavior; self-concept; latent class analysis; adolescence school refusal behavior; self-concept; latent class analysis; adolescence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gonzálvez, C.; Díaz-Herrero, Á.; Vicent, M.; Sanmartín, R.; Pérez-Sánchez, A.M.; García-Fernández, J.M. Subtyping of Adolescents with School Refusal Behavior: Exploring Differences Across Profiles in Self-Concept. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4780. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16234780

AMA Style

Gonzálvez C, Díaz-Herrero Á, Vicent M, Sanmartín R, Pérez-Sánchez AM, García-Fernández JM. Subtyping of Adolescents with School Refusal Behavior: Exploring Differences Across Profiles in Self-Concept. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(23):4780. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16234780

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gonzálvez, Carolina, Ángela Díaz-Herrero, María Vicent, Ricardo Sanmartín, Antonio M. Pérez-Sánchez, and José M. García-Fernández 2019. "Subtyping of Adolescents with School Refusal Behavior: Exploring Differences Across Profiles in Self-Concept" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 23: 4780. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16234780

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