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Article

Outdoor Fitness Equipment Usage Behaviors in Natural Settings

Graduate Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 391; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16030391
Received: 8 November 2018 / Revised: 19 January 2019 / Accepted: 25 January 2019 / Published: 30 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Outdoor fitness equipment (OFE) areas have become a popular form of built environment infrastructure in public open spaces as a means to improve public health through increased physical activity. However, the benefits of using OFE are not consistent, and several OFE accidents have been reported. In this study, we videotaped how OFE users operate OFE in parks and selected four types of popular OFE (the waist twister, air walker, ski machine, and waist/back massager) for video content analysis. Furthermore, we established coding schemes and compared results with the instructions provided by OFE manufacturers. The results revealed various usage behaviors for the same OFE types. In addition, we observed that a significant portion of user behaviors did not follow manufacturers’ instructions, which might pose potential risks or actually cause injuries. Children are especially prone to act improperly. This study provides empirical evidence indicating the existence of potential safety risks due to inappropriate usage behaviors that might lead to accidents and injuries while using OFE. This study provides crucial information that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of OFE and to develop future park or open space initiatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: fitness zone; outdoor gym; sports injury; park; built environment fitness zone; outdoor gym; sports injury; park; built environment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chow, H.-w.; Wu, D.-R. Outdoor Fitness Equipment Usage Behaviors in Natural Settings. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 391. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16030391

AMA Style

Chow H-w, Wu D-R. Outdoor Fitness Equipment Usage Behaviors in Natural Settings. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(3):391. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16030391

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chow, Hsueh-wen, and Dai-Rong Wu. 2019. "Outdoor Fitness Equipment Usage Behaviors in Natural Settings" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 3: 391. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16030391

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