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Article

Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Farmers Associated with Organophosphorus Pesticide Exposure in a Rural Village of Northwest México

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Facultad de Medicina y Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Calzada Universidad 14418, Parque Industrial Internacional, Tijuana 22300, Mexico
2
Facultad de Ciencias Químicas e Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Calzada Universidad 14418, Parque Industrial Internacional, Tijuana 22300, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 689; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16050689
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
This study aims to determine the degree of acetylcholinesterase inhibition and neurological symptoms for each of the psychiatric disorders diagnosed in the farm workers of a rural population in the state of Baja California, Mexico. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 140 agricultural workers (exposed participants). The study was run using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Diagnostic Test (MINI), a pre-established questionnaire to diagnose the mental state of each agricultural worker. Analysis of enzymatic activity was carried out using the modified Ellman method. The results showed that, among agricultural workers with slightly inhibited enzymatic activity, 25% met the criteria for the diagnosis of major depression with suicidal attitudes, 23.9% with inhibited enzymatic activity showed generalized anxiety, 23.5% showed combined depression–anxiety, and 22% met the criteria for major depression and no psychiatric diagnosis disorder. These results suggest the need for the development of effective public-health strategies to inform farm workers about integrated pesticide management in order to prevent serious health complications. View Full-Text
Keywords: acetylcholinesterase; mental disorders; neurotoxicity; organophosphates; pesticides acetylcholinesterase; mental disorders; neurotoxicity; organophosphates; pesticides
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MDPI and ACS Style

Serrano-Medina, A.; Ugalde-Lizárraga, A.; Bojorquez-Cuevas, M.S.; Garnica-Ruiz, J.; González-Corral, M.A.; García-Ledezma, A.; Pineda-García, G.; Cornejo-Bravo, J.M. Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Farmers Associated with Organophosphorus Pesticide Exposure in a Rural Village of Northwest México. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 689. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16050689

AMA Style

Serrano-Medina A, Ugalde-Lizárraga A, Bojorquez-Cuevas MS, Garnica-Ruiz J, González-Corral MA, García-Ledezma A, Pineda-García G, Cornejo-Bravo JM. Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Farmers Associated with Organophosphorus Pesticide Exposure in a Rural Village of Northwest México. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(5):689. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16050689

Chicago/Turabian Style

Serrano-Medina, Aracely, Angel Ugalde-Lizárraga, Michelle S. Bojorquez-Cuevas, Jatniel Garnica-Ruiz, Martín A. González-Corral, Arnold García-Ledezma, Gisela Pineda-García, and José M. Cornejo-Bravo 2019. "Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Farmers Associated with Organophosphorus Pesticide Exposure in a Rural Village of Northwest México" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 5: 689. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16050689

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