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Raising Children with Poor School Performance: Parenting Styles and Short- and Long-Term Consequences for Adolescent and Adult Development
Article

Child-To-Parent Violence: Which Parenting Style Is More Protective? A Study with Spanish Adolescents

Department of Education and Social Psychology, Pablo de Olavide University, 41013 Seville, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1320; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16081320
Received: 19 March 2019 / Revised: 9 April 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
The link between parenting style and violent behavior during adolescence has become a relevant topic of research over the last few years. In order to deepen the understanding of this relationship, the aim of the present study was to examine what type of parenting style (authoritative, indulgent, authoritarian, and neglectful) is more protective against child-to-parent violence (CPV). A total of 2112 adolescents of both sexes participated in this study (50.2% men and 49.8% women), aged between 12 and 18 years (M = 14. 72, SD = 1.55). A multivariate factorial design (MANOVA, 4 × 2 × 3) was applied using parenting style, sex, and age group (12–14, 15–16, and 17–18 years) as independent variables and dimensions of CPV (physical and verbal aggression against the mother and father) as dependent variables. As shown in the results, the lowest scores on all the dimensions of CPV examined corresponded to the adolescents from indulgent families. Further, two interaction effects were observed between parenting style and age in verbal aggression against the mother and verbal aggression against the father. Regarding these effects, the adolescents from indulgent families obtained the lowest scores in two of the three age groups analyzed (12–14 years and 15–16 years). In the 17–18 years group, adolescents from authoritative families obtained similar but lower values than those coming from families with an indulgent style of parenting. These findings suggest that indulgent style is the most protective parenting style against CPV and also highlight the importance of affective warmth, emotional nurturance, and support giving in preventing CPV. View Full-Text
Keywords: parenting styles; child-to-parent violence; adolescence parenting styles; child-to-parent violence; adolescence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Suárez-Relinque, C.; del Moral Arroyo, G.; León-Moreno, C.; Callejas Jerónimo, J.E. Child-To-Parent Violence: Which Parenting Style Is More Protective? A Study with Spanish Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1320. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16081320

AMA Style

Suárez-Relinque C, del Moral Arroyo G, León-Moreno C, Callejas Jerónimo JE. Child-To-Parent Violence: Which Parenting Style Is More Protective? A Study with Spanish Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(8):1320. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16081320

Chicago/Turabian Style

Suárez-Relinque, Cristian, Gonzalo del Moral Arroyo, Celeste León-Moreno, and Juan E. Callejas Jerónimo 2019. "Child-To-Parent Violence: Which Parenting Style Is More Protective? A Study with Spanish Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 8: 1320. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16081320

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