Next Article in Journal
Sources and Determinants of Discretionary Food Intake in a Cohort of Australian Children Aged 12–14 Months
Next Article in Special Issue
Simple Prediction of Metabolic Equivalents of Daily Activities Using Heart Rate Monitor without Calibration of Individuals
Previous Article in Journal
Mothers’ Expectations and Factors Influencing Exclusive Breastfeeding during the First 6 Months
Previous Article in Special Issue
Can High-Intensity Functional Suspension Training over Eight Weeks Improve Resting Blood Pressure and Quality of Life in Young Adults? A Randomized Controlled Trial
Article

Ischemic Preconditioning Promotes Post-Exercise Hypotension in a Session of Resistance Exercise in Normotensive Trained Individuals

1
Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora-MG 36036-900, Brazil
2
Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro-RJ 21941-901, Brazil
3
Physical Education Department, Estácio de Sá University, Rio de Janeiro-RJ 22080-000, Brazil
4
Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences of Juiz de Fora, Suprema, Juiz de Fora-MG 36033-003, Brazil
5
Division of Endocrinology, IPEMED Medical School, São Paulo-SP 04143-020, Brazil
6
Faculty of Physical Education, Center of Higher Education of Valença, University Center of Valença, Valença 27600-000, Brazil
7
Brazilian Music Consertatory, Brazilian University Center of Education, Rio de Janeiro-RJ 20520-140, Brazil
8
Superior School of Education, Polytechnic Institute of Setubal, Setubal 2910-761, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 78; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17010078
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 17 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 20 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Exercise on Health-related Markers and Bioenergetics)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a method that has been used prior to resistance exercise to improve performance. However, little is known about its effect before a resistance exercise training session on hemodynamic responses. Thus, the aim of the study was to verify the acute effect of IPC before a session of resistance exercises on the systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean blood pressure (MBP) of trained normotensive trained individuals. Sixteen men (25.3 ± 1.7 years; 78.4 ± 6.2 kg; 176.9 ± 5.4 cm, 25.1 ± 1.5 m2.kg−1) trained in resistance exercise (RE) (5.0 ± 1.7 years) were evaluated in five sessions on non-consecutive days. The first two sessions’ subjects performed one repetition maximum (RM) test and retest, and for the next three sessions, they performed the experimental protocols: (a) IPC + RE; (b) SHAM + RE; (c) RE. The RE protocol consisted of six multi-joint exercises, three sets at 80% of 1RM until concentric failure. Blood pressure was monitored pre-session, immediately after and every 10 min for 60 min after RE. IPC consisted of 4 × 5 min of vascular occlusion/reperfusion at 220 mmHg. SHAM (fake protocol) consisted of 20 mmHg of vascular occlusion/reperfusion. The IPC + RE protocol showed significant reductions on SBP, DBP, and MBP compared with SHAM + RE (p < 0.05) and with RE (p < 0.05). The IPC + RE protocol presented a greater magnitude and duration of post-exercise hypotension (PEH) from 20 to 60 min after exercise in SBP (−11 to 14 mmHg), DBP (−5 to 14 mmHg), and MBP (−7 to 13 mmHg). Therefore, we can conclude that the application of IPC before an RE session potentiated the PEH in normotensive individuals trained in resistance exercise. View Full-Text
Keywords: ischemic preconditioning; resistance exercise; blood pressure; post-exercise hypotension ischemic preconditioning; resistance exercise; blood pressure; post-exercise hypotension
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Panza, P.; Novaes, J.; Telles, L.G.; Campos, Y.; Araújo, G.; Neto, N.; Raider, L.; Novaes, G.; Leitão, L.; Vianna, J. Ischemic Preconditioning Promotes Post-Exercise Hypotension in a Session of Resistance Exercise in Normotensive Trained Individuals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 78. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17010078

AMA Style

Panza P, Novaes J, Telles LG, Campos Y, Araújo G, Neto N, Raider L, Novaes G, Leitão L, Vianna J. Ischemic Preconditioning Promotes Post-Exercise Hypotension in a Session of Resistance Exercise in Normotensive Trained Individuals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):78. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17010078

Chicago/Turabian Style

Panza, Patricia, Jefferson Novaes, Luiz G. Telles, Yuri Campos, Gleisson Araújo, Nacipe Neto, Leandro Raider, Giovanni Novaes, Luis Leitão, and Jeferson Vianna. 2020. "Ischemic Preconditioning Promotes Post-Exercise Hypotension in a Session of Resistance Exercise in Normotensive Trained Individuals" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 1: 78. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17010078

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop