Next Article in Journal
Decision-Making Process in Female Genital Mutilation: A Systematic Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Sex Differences in Association of Elevated Blood Pressure with Variables Characterizing Cardiometabolic Risk in Young Subjects with or Without Metabolic Abnormalities
Previous Article in Journal
The Bisphenol A Induced Oxidative Stress in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Male Patients: A Clinical Strategy to Antagonize the Progression of the Disease
Previous Article in Special Issue
Physical Activity in 15–17-Year-Old Adolescents as Compensation for Sedentary Behavior in School
Article

Research on the Relationships between Psychological Problems and School Bullying and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Rural Primary and Middle School Students in Developing Areas of China

1
Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health & Queen Mary School, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi, China
2
Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Dongxiang District, Fuzhou 331800, Jiangxi, China
3
School of Community Science, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3371; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103371
Received: 3 April 2020 / Revised: 3 May 2020 / Accepted: 9 May 2020 / Published: 12 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adolescent and Young People's Health Issues and Challenges)
(1) Purpose: To analyze the role of psychological problems in connection with school bullying and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among rural primary and middle school students in developing areas of China. (2) Methods: A multi-stage, stratified, cluster random sampling method was used to select 2284 rural primary and middle school students in Jiangxi Province for study. Questionnaires regarding the health risk behaviors of children in developing areas were left behind at primary and middle schools, and they were later collected and analyzed by using the mental health diagnostic monitoring scale for Chinese primary and middle school students. Pearson correlation, logistic regression, and bootstrap tests were conducted to analyze the association between psychological problems, school bullying, and NSSI. (3) Results: The incidence of NSSI in rural primary and middle school students in Jiangxi Province was 14.84%. Compared with other children with behavioral problems, those who had experienced school bullying and had mild/severe psychological problems were more likely to have engaged in NSSI behaviors (p < 0.001). Psychological problems have a mediating effect between school bullying and NSSI, which accounted for 12.96% of the total effect. (4) Conclusion: Psychological problems are likely an effect modifier in the connection between school bullying and NSSI behaviors. Therefore, effectively targeting psychological problems in rural primary and middle school students in Jiangxi Province may help prevent and control NSSI behaviors in students who have experienced school bullying. View Full-Text
Keywords: primary and middle school students; psychological problems; school bullying; non-suicidal self-injury; developing areas of China primary and middle school students; psychological problems; school bullying; non-suicidal self-injury; developing areas of China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, X.; Chen, F.; Lin, Y.; Jia, Z.; Tucker, W.; He, J.; Cui, L.; Yuan, Z. Research on the Relationships between Psychological Problems and School Bullying and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Rural Primary and Middle School Students in Developing Areas of China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3371. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103371

AMA Style

Li X, Chen F, Lin Y, Jia Z, Tucker W, He J, Cui L, Yuan Z. Research on the Relationships between Psychological Problems and School Bullying and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Rural Primary and Middle School Students in Developing Areas of China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3371. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103371

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Xuyang, Feiyu Chen, Yixiang Lin, Zhihui Jia, Winter Tucker, Jiangyan He, Lanyue Cui, and Zhaokang Yuan. 2020. "Research on the Relationships between Psychological Problems and School Bullying and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Rural Primary and Middle School Students in Developing Areas of China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3371. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103371

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop