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Article

Impact of Perinatal Death on the Social and Family Context of the Parents

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Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, University of Almeria, 04120 La Cañada de San Urbano, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Temuco 01090, Chile
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Hospital La Inmaculada, 04600 Huércal-Overa, Spain
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Hospital de Torrevieja, 03186 Torrevieja, Spain
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School of Health and Education, Middlesex University, London NW4 4BH, UK
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Católica de San Antonio de Murcia, 30107 Guadalupe de Maciascoque, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de Murcia, 30003 Murcia, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3421; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103421
Received: 30 March 2020 / Revised: 12 May 2020 / Accepted: 12 May 2020 / Published: 14 May 2020
Background: Perinatal death (PD) is a painful experience, with physical, psychological and social consequences in families. Each year, there are 2.7 million perinatal deaths in the world and about 2000 in Spain. The aim of this study was to explore, describe and understand the impact of perinatal death on parents’ social and family life. Methods: A qualitative study based on Gadamer’s hermeneutic phenomenology was used. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 mothers and eight fathers who had suffered a perinatal death. Inductive analysis was used to find themes based on the data. Results: Seven sub-themes emerged, and they were grouped into two main themes: 1) perinatal death affects family dynamics, and 2) the social environment of the parents is severely affected after perinatal death. Conclusions: PD impacts the family dynamics of the parents and their family, social and work environments. Parents perceive that society trivializes their loss and disallows or delegitimizes their grief. Implications: Social care, health and education providers should pay attention to all family members who have suffered a PD. The recognition of the loss within the social and family environment would help the families to cope with their grief. View Full-Text
Keywords: perinatal death; perinatal grief; disenfranchised grief; qualitative research; parents care perinatal death; perinatal grief; disenfranchised grief; qualitative research; parents care
MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-Sola, C.; Camacho-Ávila, M.; Hernández-Padilla, J.M.; Fernández-Medina, I.M.; Jiménez-López, F.R.; Hernández-Sánchez, E.; Conesa-Ferrer, M.B.; Granero-Molina, J. Impact of Perinatal Death on the Social and Family Context of the Parents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3421. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103421

AMA Style

Fernández-Sola C, Camacho-Ávila M, Hernández-Padilla JM, Fernández-Medina IM, Jiménez-López FR, Hernández-Sánchez E, Conesa-Ferrer MB, Granero-Molina J. Impact of Perinatal Death on the Social and Family Context of the Parents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3421. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103421

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-Sola, Cayetano, Marcos Camacho-Ávila, José M. Hernández-Padilla, Isabel M. Fernández-Medina, Francisca R. Jiménez-López, Encarnación Hernández-Sánchez, María B. Conesa-Ferrer, and José Granero-Molina. 2020. "Impact of Perinatal Death on the Social and Family Context of the Parents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3421. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103421

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