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Article

Osteoporosis in Polish Older Women: Risk Factors and Osteoporotic Fractures: A Cross–Sectional Study

1
Department of Physiotherapy in Internal Medicine, Faculty of Physiotherapy, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
2
Department of Informatics and Medical Devices, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
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Department of Physiology and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Physical Education Chair of Biomedical Sciences, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, 00-968 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
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Department of Physiotherapy in Movement System and Development Age Diseases, Faculty of Physiotherapy, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
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Rehabilitation Clinic Technomex, 44-141 Gliwice, Poland
7
Center Saint Elizabeth, 41-700 Ruda Śląska, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3725; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103725
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 21 May 2020 / Accepted: 22 May 2020 / Published: 25 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Women's Health)
Background: Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease. It is still not known which of the risk factors have the greatest impact on osteoporosis development. The study aimed to determine how the selected osteoporosis risk factors contribute to the development of the disease and to assess the risk of osteoporotic fractures in older women. Methods: A cohort of 99 older females was divided into two groups (with and without osteoporosis). The risk of osteoporosis was determined using assessment forms and bone densitometry data subjected to logistic regression. The risk of osteoporotic fractures was assessed by the FRAX tool (FRAX, Center for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield, UK). Results: The logistic regression analysis showed that the highest risk of developing osteoporosis associated with lifestyle, mainly cigarette smoking (odds ratio: OR = 2.12), past gynecological operations (OR = 1.46), corticosteroid therapies (OR = 1.38). More than half of participants were at a medium risk of femoral neck fractures (over 90% in the osteoporotic group). Conclusion: Most of the Polish women living in care facilities are at medium risk of low-energy fractures. Smoking appeared to have the strongest effect on osteoporosis among analyzed risk factors. The results may contribute to the creation of more appropriate prevention strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: osteoporosis; risk factors; osteoporotic fractures osteoporosis; risk factors; osteoporotic fractures
MDPI and ACS Style

Nawrat-Szołtysik, A.; Miodońska, Z.; Zarzeczny, R.; Zając-Gawlak, I.; Opara, J.; Grzesińska, A.; Matyja, B.; Polak, A. Osteoporosis in Polish Older Women: Risk Factors and Osteoporotic Fractures: A Cross–Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3725. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103725

AMA Style

Nawrat-Szołtysik A, Miodońska Z, Zarzeczny R, Zając-Gawlak I, Opara J, Grzesińska A, Matyja B, Polak A. Osteoporosis in Polish Older Women: Risk Factors and Osteoporotic Fractures: A Cross–Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3725. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103725

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nawrat-Szołtysik, Agnieszka, Zuzanna Miodońska, Ryszard Zarzeczny, Izabela Zając-Gawlak, Józef Opara, Alicja Grzesińska, Beata Matyja, and Anna Polak. 2020. "Osteoporosis in Polish Older Women: Risk Factors and Osteoporotic Fractures: A Cross–Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3725. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103725

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