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Article

Effect of Different Running Exercise Modalities on Post-Exercise Oxidative Stress Markers in Trained Athletes

1
Research Laboratory: Education, Motricité, Sport et Santé, EM2S, LR19JS01, High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, University of Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
2
Research Center on Sport and Movement (Centre de Recherchessur le Sport et le Mouvement, CeRSM), UPL, Université Paris Nanterre, UFR STAPS, F-92000 Nanterre, France
3
Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
4
Biochemistry Laboratory, CHU HediChaker, University of Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
5
Institute of Sport and Sport Science, Heidelberg University, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
6
Department of Sport Science, Bundeswehr University Munich, 85577 Neubiberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3729; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103729
Received: 31 March 2020 / Revised: 28 April 2020 / Accepted: 2 May 2020 / Published: 25 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of running exercise modality on oxidative stress. Thirteen endurance athletes (age: 21.46 ± 0.66 years) performed three different running exercise modalities (Continuous running exercise (CR): continuous running exercise at 75% of VO2max for 25 min; intermittent running exercise #1 (15/15): intermittent running protocol, 15 s running at 75% of VO2max, 15 s passive recovery, performed for 50 min; intermittent running exercise #2 (30/30): intermittent running protocol, 30 s running at 75% of VO2max, 30 s passive recovery, performed for 50 min) in a randomized order. Blood samples were drawn at rest and immediately after each running exercise and assessed for malondialdehyde (MDA), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), superoxide dismutase(SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activities. MDA increased by 55% following 30/30 exercise (p < 0.01), while it remained unchanged with CR and15/15 exercise. SOD increased after CR (+13.9%, p < 0.05), and also remained unchanged after 15/15 (p > 0.05) and decreased after 30/30 (−19.7% p < 0.05). GPX and AOPP did not change after exercise in all experimental sessions (p > 0.05). In conclusion, 30/30 intermittent running induced higher lipid damages than the 15/15 and CR exercise. 15/15 intermittent exercise promoted a better balance between free radicals production and antioxidant defense compared to continuous exercise and intermittent 30/30 exercise. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxidative stress; exercise; athletes; free radical damages; antioxidant defenses oxidative stress; exercise; athletes; free radical damages; antioxidant defenses
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MDPI and ACS Style

Souissi, W.; Bouzid, M.A.; Farjallah, M.A.; Ben Mahmoud, L.; Boudaya, M.; Engel, F.A.; Sahnoun, Z. Effect of Different Running Exercise Modalities on Post-Exercise Oxidative Stress Markers in Trained Athletes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3729. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103729

AMA Style

Souissi W, Bouzid MA, Farjallah MA, Ben Mahmoud L, Boudaya M, Engel FA, Sahnoun Z. Effect of Different Running Exercise Modalities on Post-Exercise Oxidative Stress Markers in Trained Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3729. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103729

Chicago/Turabian Style

Souissi, Wajdi, Mohamed A. Bouzid, Mohamed A. Farjallah, Lobna Ben Mahmoud, Mariem Boudaya, Florian A. Engel, and Zouheir Sahnoun. 2020. "Effect of Different Running Exercise Modalities on Post-Exercise Oxidative Stress Markers in Trained Athletes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3729. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103729

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