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Article

Association between Different Modes of Travelling and Adiposity in Chilean Population: Findings from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017

1
British Heart Foundation Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8TA, UK
2
Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
3
Medical Research Council Centre for Inflammation Research, The Queen’s Medical Research Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, UK
4
Grupo de Investigación en Calidad de Vida, Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación, Facultad de Educación y Humanidades, Universidad del Biobío, Chillán 378000, Chile
5
Departamento de Ciencias del Deporte y Acondicionamiento Físico, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, 4090541 Concepción, Chile
6
Escuela de Kinesiología, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago 8370003, Chile
7
Pedagogía en Educación Física, Facultad de Educación, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Talca 3467987, Chile
8
Departamento de Educación Física, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 4070386, Chile
9
Instituto de Farmacia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia 5090000, Chile
10
Centro de Investigación en Fisiología del Ejercicio (CIFE), Universidad Mayor, Santiago 7510041, Chile
11
Laboratorio de Rendimiento Humano, Grupo de Estudio en Educación, Actividad Física y Salud (GEEAFyS), Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca 3480112, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally contributed to this study and are considered shared the first author.
ELHOC Team co-authors are listed in Appendix A.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3731; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103731
Received: 21 April 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 22 May 2020 / Published: 25 May 2020
Background: Active travel has been suggested as a feasible way of increasing physical activity levels. Although international studies have demonstrated its effect over different health outcomes and adiposity, there is still limited evidence on this topic in developing countries, such as Chile. Aim: To investigate the associations between different types of travelling and markers of obesity in the Chilean adult population. Methods: 5411 participants from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017 (CNHS) were included in this study. Active travel was assessed using a questionnaire. Car commuters, public transport (PT), walking and cycling were the four forms of travelling assessed. Bodyweight, body mass index and waist circumference were used as markers of adiposity. Results: Compared to car travellers, body weight, WC and BMI levels were lower for PT walking and cycling travellers. The odds for obesity (Odds ratio (OR): 0.41 (95% CI: 0.28; 0.61 p ≤ 0.001) were lower for walking and the odds (OR: 0.56 (95%CI: 0.35; 0.89 p = 0.014) for central obesity were significantly lower for cyclist in comparison to car travellers. Additionally, participation in any form of active travel (walking or cycling) was low, with only 20.9% of the population reporting being active travellers. Conclusion: Active travel, such as walking and cycling, was associated with lower adiposity levels in the Chilean adult population. Promoting active travel could be a feasible strategy to tackle the high prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity in the Chilean population. View Full-Text
Keywords: active travel; physical activity; adiposity; transportation; obesity active travel; physical activity; adiposity; transportation; obesity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Medina, I.; Petermann-Rocha, F.; Waddell, H.; Díaz-Martínez, X.; Matus-Castillo, C.; Cigarroa, I.; Concha-Cisternas, Y.; Salas-Bravo, C.; Martínez-Sanguinetti, M.A.; Celis-Morales, C.; Team, E.-R. Association between Different Modes of Travelling and Adiposity in Chilean Population: Findings from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3731. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103731

AMA Style

Medina I, Petermann-Rocha F, Waddell H, Díaz-Martínez X, Matus-Castillo C, Cigarroa I, Concha-Cisternas Y, Salas-Bravo C, Martínez-Sanguinetti MA, Celis-Morales C, Team E-R. Association between Different Modes of Travelling and Adiposity in Chilean Population: Findings from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3731. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103731

Chicago/Turabian Style

Medina, Ignacio, Fanny Petermann-Rocha, Heather Waddell, Ximena Díaz-Martínez, Carlos Matus-Castillo, Igor Cigarroa, Yeny Concha-Cisternas, Carlos Salas-Bravo, Maria A Martínez-Sanguinetti, Carlos Celis-Morales, and ELHOC-Research Team. 2020. "Association between Different Modes of Travelling and Adiposity in Chilean Population: Findings from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3731. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103731

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