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Article

Self and Nature: Parental Socialization, Self-Esteem, and Environmental Values in Spanish Adolescents

1
Faculty of Health Sciences at Trairi, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, 59200-000 Santa Cruz-Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
2
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
3
Department of Methodology of the Behavioral Sciences, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
4
Departament of Psychology, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, 58033-455 João Pessoa-State of Paraíba, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3732; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103732
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 12 May 2020 / Published: 25 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Family Determinants of Adolescent Adjustment)
Emergent research seriously questions the use of parental strictness as the best parenting strategy in all cultural contexts. Moreover, previous research on environmental socialization offers inconsistent findings about which specific parenting practices would be the most appropriate for environmental socialization. The present paper aims to examine parents’ contribution (i.e., authoritative, indulgent, authoritarian, and neglectful) to adolescents’ self-esteem and internalization of environmental values. Participants were 308 Spanish adolescents with 171 females (55.5%), between 12 and 17 years old. The four parenting styles were defined using measures of parental warmth and strictness. Self-esteem was captured with global and multidimensional measures. Internalization of environmental values was evaluated by measuring the priority given to biospheric values. Results revealed a consistent pattern between parenting styles and adolescent self-esteem and internalization of environmental values. Overall, adolescents from homes characterized by parental warmth (i.e., indulgent and authoritative) have higher self-esteem and greater internalization of environmental values than their counterparts. These findings clearly contrast with those obtained in other cultural contexts where parental strictness is essential in achieving well-adjusted children with optimal psychosocial development. View Full-Text
Keywords: parenting; parental socialization; parental warmth; parental strictness; self-esteem; environmental values; biospheric values; cultural context; Spain parenting; parental socialization; parental warmth; parental strictness; self-esteem; environmental values; biospheric values; cultural context; Spain
MDPI and ACS Style

Queiroz, P.; Garcia, O.F.; Garcia, F.; Zacares, J.J.; Camino, C. Self and Nature: Parental Socialization, Self-Esteem, and Environmental Values in Spanish Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3732. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103732

AMA Style

Queiroz P, Garcia OF, Garcia F, Zacares JJ, Camino C. Self and Nature: Parental Socialization, Self-Esteem, and Environmental Values in Spanish Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3732. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103732

Chicago/Turabian Style

Queiroz, Pablo, Oscar F. Garcia, Fernando Garcia, Juan J. Zacares, and Cleonice Camino. 2020. "Self and Nature: Parental Socialization, Self-Esteem, and Environmental Values in Spanish Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3732. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103732

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