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Article

Inadequate Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Second-Hand Smoke among Non-Smoking Pregnant Women in Urban Vietnam: The Need for Health Literacy Reinforcement

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Department of Internal Medicine, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Respiratory Center, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Faculty of Pharmacy, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Duke University School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
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Faculty of Nursing, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Center of Excellence in Evidence-Based Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
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Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
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Institute for Health Innovation and Technology (iHealthtech), National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
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Department of Psychological Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119074, Singapore
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3744; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103744
Received: 1 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 25 May 2020
The rate of exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) is relatively high in several countries, including Vietnam, and health issues related to SHS have worsened in recent years, especially for pregnant women and their infants. Enhancement of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) scores of pregnant women in Vietnam could raise practical interventions to protect their health and reduce complications of SHS. A cross-sectional study of 432 pregnant women who came to the Obstetrics Department of Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam for antenatal care was conducted in 2016 to collect information about their KAP related to SHS. Composite mean scores from survey questions assessing their KAP were calculated on a 10-point scale, finding mean scores of 4.19, 7.45, and 4.30, respectively. Higher scores indicated better knowledge, attitude, and practice. Generalized linear models identified that age, occupation, living place, and sources of information were associated with SHS-related KAP. Findings from this study indicate that suitable programs related to SHS should be implemented to improve and reinforce health literacy to both mothers and smokers to reduce the harmfulness of smoking on women and their infants’ health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vietnam; second-hand smoke (SHS); pregnant women; knowledge; attitude; practice; KAP; smoke-free legislation Vietnam; second-hand smoke (SHS); pregnant women; knowledge; attitude; practice; KAP; smoke-free legislation
MDPI and ACS Style

Vu, G.V.; Ngo, C.Q.; Phan, P.T.; Doan, L.P.T.; Nguyen, T.T.; Nguyen, M.H.; Nguyen, D.N.; Nguyen, N.T.T.; Nguyen, H.L.T.; Hoang, C.L.; Vu, L.G.; Latkin, C.A.; Tran, B.X.; Ho, R.C.M.; Ho, C.S.H. Inadequate Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Second-Hand Smoke among Non-Smoking Pregnant Women in Urban Vietnam: The Need for Health Literacy Reinforcement. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3744. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103744

AMA Style

Vu GV, Ngo CQ, Phan PT, Doan LPT, Nguyen TT, Nguyen MH, Nguyen DN, Nguyen NTT, Nguyen HLT, Hoang CL, Vu LG, Latkin CA, Tran BX, Ho RCM, Ho CSH. Inadequate Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Second-Hand Smoke among Non-Smoking Pregnant Women in Urban Vietnam: The Need for Health Literacy Reinforcement. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3744. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103744

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vu, Giap V., Chau Q. Ngo, Phuong T. Phan, Lan P.T. Doan, Toan T. Nguyen, Mai H. Nguyen, Diep N. Nguyen, Nguyen T.T. Nguyen, Huong L.T. Nguyen, Chi L. Hoang, Linh G. Vu, Carl A. Latkin, Bach X. Tran, Roger C.M. Ho, and Cyrus S.H. Ho 2020. "Inadequate Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Second-Hand Smoke among Non-Smoking Pregnant Women in Urban Vietnam: The Need for Health Literacy Reinforcement" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3744. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17103744

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