Next Article in Journal
Contribution of Chronic Fatigue to Psychosocial Status and Quality of Life in Spanish Women Diagnosed with Endometriosis
Next Article in Special Issue
Risk of Prevalent Asthma among Children Affected by Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Population-Based Birth Cohort Study
Previous Article in Journal
The Development of Dry Eye Disease after Surgery-Indicated Chronic Rhinosinusitis: A Population-Based Cohort Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Italian Network of Population-Based Birth Cohorts to Evaluate Social and Environmental Risk Factors on Pregnancy Outcomes: The LEAP Study
Article

Use and Intentional Avoidance of Prescribed Medications in Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional, Web-Based Study among 926 Women in Italy

1
PharmacoEpidemiology and Drug Safety Research Group, Department of Pharmacy, & PharmaTox Strategic Research Initiative, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway
2
Laboratory of Healthcare Research and Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Statistics and Quantitative Methods, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy
3
Division of Child Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, 0213 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3830; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17113830
Received: 12 April 2020 / Revised: 25 May 2020 / Accepted: 27 May 2020 / Published: 28 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Population-Based Birth Cohort Studies in Epidemiology)
Nation-wide information about medication use in pregnancy is lacking for Italy, and no study has so far investigated the prescribed medications which pregnant women deliberately avoid. In this study, we map medication use patterns in pregnancy, as well as the extent and type of prescribed medications which are purposely avoided by pregnant women in Italy. This is a sub-study within the “Multinational Medication Use in Pregnancy Study”—a cross-sectional, web-based study conducted in Italy from 7 November 2011 to 7 January 2012. Using an anonymous electronic questionnaire, we collected data from pregnant women and new mothers on medication use and deliberate avoidance during pregnancy and maternal characteristics. The sample included 926 women residing in Italy. The point prevalence of total medication use was 71.2%. Whereas 61.4% and 12.4% of women reported medication use for the treatment of short and longer-term illnesses, respectively, only 8.8% reported medication use for the treatment of both a short and a longer-term illness in pregnancy. We found no substantial differences in estimates across various geographical areas of Italy. Overall, 26.6% of women reported to have deliberately avoided a prescribed medication in pregnancy—most often nimesulide or ketoprofen, but also antibiotics. We conclude that prenatal exposure to medication is common among women in Italy, but estimates are lower than in other Western countries. Intentional avoidance of important medications by pregnant women raises concerns about the safeguarding of maternal–child health. View Full-Text
Keywords: medication use; prescribed medication avoidance; pregnancy; Italy medication use; prescribed medication avoidance; pregnancy; Italy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lupattelli, A.; Picinardi, M.; Cantarutti, A.; Nordeng, H. Use and Intentional Avoidance of Prescribed Medications in Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional, Web-Based Study among 926 Women in Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3830. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17113830

AMA Style

Lupattelli A, Picinardi M, Cantarutti A, Nordeng H. Use and Intentional Avoidance of Prescribed Medications in Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional, Web-Based Study among 926 Women in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3830. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17113830

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lupattelli, Angela, Marta Picinardi, Anna Cantarutti, and Hedvig Nordeng. 2020. "Use and Intentional Avoidance of Prescribed Medications in Pregnancy: A Cross-Sectional, Web-Based Study among 926 Women in Italy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 3830. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17113830

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop