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Analysis of Well-Being and Anxiety among University Students

Graduate Program in Business Administration—PPGA, Federal University of Santa Maria—UFSM, Av. Roraima n° 1000, Cidade Universitária, Camobi, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul estado 97105-900, Brazil
Department of Business Administration, University Luterana of Braszil—ULBRA, Cachoeira do Sul—Rua Martinho Lutero 301, Bairro Universitário, Cachoeira do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul 96.501-595, Brazil
Department of Management, Federal Rural University of Semi-Arid—UFERSA, Rua Francisco Mota, 572, Presidente Costa e Silva, Mossoró, RN 59625-900, Brazil
Graduate Program in Industrial Engineering, University of Caxias do Sul, Rua Francisco Getúlio Vargas 1130, Caxias do Sul 95070-560, Brazil
School of Management—PPGOLD, Federal University of Parana—UFPR, 632 Prefeito Lothário Meissner Ave, Jardim Botânico, Curitiba, Paraná 80210-170, Brazil
Department of Management, Municipal Center of São José, Rua Jaír Viêira, 2–68, Kobrasol, São José, Santa Catarina 88102-180, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3874;
Received: 23 March 2020 / Revised: 20 May 2020 / Accepted: 21 May 2020 / Published: 30 May 2020
This article aims to interrelate dimensions of the well-being validation instruments proposed by Watson, Clark and Tellegen (PANAS) with generalized anxiety dimensions proposed by Spitzer et al. (GAD-7) and state-trait anxiety inventories proposed by Biaggio and Natalício (IDATE), using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM), in the case of individual university students in southern Brazil and the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. We conducted a behavioral study, characterized as exploratory-descriptive, by applying a questionnaire survey to collect data though face-to face interviews to a group of 460 university students from June to August 2019. A non-probabilistic sampling method for convenience was used, justified by the heterogeneous incidence of the participants. Our results support most of the proposed hypotheses. Only one hypothesis was rejected, i.e., that the Positive Affection Scale (WBS) is not related to the State Anxiety Inventory (IAE)—when a person is feeling in full activity, this situation does not affect the momentary state, characterized by tension, apprehension and by increased activity in the autonomic nervous system. In terms of the subjective well-being of students, 14.13% were found to have a low rating. 86.74% were found to have generalized anxiety; 75% had trait anxiety, and 80.22% had state anxiety. Our results indicate the need for preventive measures to minimize anxiety and help maintain necessary levels of well-being during this phase of academic development and when forging a professional career. It is expected that new studies will contribute to the advancement of such themes, particularly with university students. View Full-Text
Keywords: public health; well-being; anxiety; behavioral disease; university student public health; well-being; anxiety; behavioral disease; university student
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dias Lopes, L.F.; Chaves, B.M.; Fabrício, A.; Porto, A.; Machado de Almeida, D.; Obregon, S.L.; Pimentel Lima, M.; Vieira da Silva, W.; Camargo, M.E.; da Veiga, C.P.; de Moura, G.L.; Costa Vieira da Silva, L.S.; Flores Costa, V.M. Analysis of Well-Being and Anxiety among University Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3874.

AMA Style

Dias Lopes LF, Chaves BM, Fabrício A, Porto A, Machado de Almeida D, Obregon SL, Pimentel Lima M, Vieira da Silva W, Camargo ME, da Veiga CP, de Moura GL, Costa Vieira da Silva LS, Flores Costa VM. Analysis of Well-Being and Anxiety among University Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3874.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dias Lopes, Luis F., Bianca M. Chaves, Adriane Fabrício, Adriana Porto, Damiana Machado de Almeida, Sandra L. Obregon, Mauren Pimentel Lima, Wesley Vieira da Silva, Maria E. Camargo, Claudimar P. da Veiga, Gilnei L. de Moura, Luciana S. Costa Vieira da Silva, and Vânia M. Flores Costa 2020. "Analysis of Well-Being and Anxiety among University Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 3874.

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