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Article

Nutritional Determinants of Quality of Life in a Mediterranean Cohort: The SUN Study

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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, School of Medicine-Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
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IdiSNA, Navarra Institute for Health Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
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Navarra Public Health Institute, 31003 Navarra, Spain
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Área de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
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Department of Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, Center for Nutrition Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
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Precision Nutrition and Cardiometabolic Health Program, IMDEA Food Institute, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3897; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17113897
Received: 10 April 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 31 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in Public Health)
Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is a subjective appreciation of how personal characteristics and health influence well-being. This cross-sectional analysis aimed to quantitatively measure the influence of dietary, lifestyle, and demographic factors on HRQoL. A sub-sample of the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Project, a Mediterranean cohort, was analyzed (n = 15,674). Through self-administered questionnaires the relationship between HRQoL and dietary patterns (Mediterranean-diet (MedDiet) and provegetarian food pattern (FP) assessment), lifestyles (sleeping hours, physical activity) and demographic characteristics were measured. Multivariate linear regression and flexible regression models were used to estimate the pondered effect of personal factors on Short Form-36 (SF-36) scores. Coefficients for MedDiet and provegetarian scores (β-coefficient for global SF-36 score: 0.32 (0.22, 0.42); 0.09 (0.06, 0.12) respectively for every unit increase), physical activity (β: 0.03 (0.02, 0.03) for every metabolic equivalent of task indexes (MET)-h/week) had a positive association to HRQoL. The female sex (β: −3.28 (−3.68, −2.89)), and pre-existing diseases (diabetes, β: −2.27 (−3.48, −1.06), hypertension β: −1.79 (−2.36, −1.22), hypercholesterolemia β: −1.04 (−1.48, −0.59)) account for lower SF-36 scores. Adherence to MedDiet or provegetarian FP, physical activity and sleep are associated with higher HRQoL, whereas the female sex, “other” (versus married status) and the presence of chronic diseases were associated with lower SF-36 scores in this sample. View Full-Text
Keywords: health related quality of life; SF-36; Mediterranean; provegetarian; lifestyle health related quality of life; SF-36; Mediterranean; provegetarian; lifestyle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pano, O.; Sayón-Orea, C.; Gea, A.; Bes-Rastrollo, M.; Martínez-González, M.Á.; Martínez, J.A. Nutritional Determinants of Quality of Life in a Mediterranean Cohort: The SUN Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3897. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17113897

AMA Style

Pano O, Sayón-Orea C, Gea A, Bes-Rastrollo M, Martínez-González MÁ, Martínez JA. Nutritional Determinants of Quality of Life in a Mediterranean Cohort: The SUN Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3897. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17113897

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pano, Octavio, Carmen Sayón-Orea, Alfredo Gea, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Miguel Á. Martínez-González, and J. A. Martínez 2020. "Nutritional Determinants of Quality of Life in a Mediterranean Cohort: The SUN Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 3897. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17113897

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