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Article

Exercise Addiction and Its Relationship with Health Outcomes in Indoor Cycling Practitioners in Fitness Centers

1
Physical Performance and Sports Research Center, Department of Sports and Computer Science, Section of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, ES-41013 Seville, Spain
2
Research Group in Development Movimiento Humano, Universidad de Zaragoza, ES-50009 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Department of Physiatry and Nursery, Section of Physical Education and Sports ES-28029, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Zaragoza, ES-50009 Zaragoza, Spain
4
Section of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education, Psychology and Social Work, University of Lleida, ES-25001 Lleida, Spain
5
Biomedical Research Networking, Center on Frailty and Healthy Aging, ES-28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 4159; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17114159
Received: 27 April 2020 / Revised: 31 May 2020 / Accepted: 5 June 2020 / Published: 11 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
We studied the prevalence and possible association between exercise addiction and health in indoor cycling practitioners. In 1014 (492 women) adult indoor cyclists and 926 (597 women) controls with low levels of physical activity according to the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, we examined the risk of exercise addiction according to the Exercise Addiction Inventory and several health outcomes through a web-based experiment. The prevalence of a high risk of exercise addiction in cyclists was 13.3%, and it was higher in men than in women (16.5% vs. 10.0%, p = 0.002). Women cyclists with a high risk of exercise addiction had higher levels of physical activity (p < 0.001; effect size = −0.62, 95% CI: (−0.91, −0.32)) and anxiety symptom severity (p = 0.001; Effect Size (ES) = −0.59 (−0.89, −0.30)) than those with a low risk. For both sexes, cyclists with a low risk of exercise addiction had better social function, emotional role, and anxiety symptom severity compared with the controls (all p < 0.002; ES ranged from 0.25 to 0.47). Higher anxiety symptom severity and cardiorespiratory fitness were the main determinants of exercise addiction in cyclists (both p < 0.001). Our data suggest the importance of considering exercise addiction in indoor cyclists. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise addiction; indoor cycling; health outcomes; fitness; anxiety exercise addiction; indoor cycling; health outcomes; fitness; anxiety
MDPI and ACS Style

Bueno-Antequera, J.; Mayolas-Pi, C.; Reverter-Masià, J.; López-Laval, I.; Oviedo-Caro, M.Á.; Munguía-Izquierdo, D.; Ruidíaz-Peña, M.; Legaz-Arrese, A. Exercise Addiction and Its Relationship with Health Outcomes in Indoor Cycling Practitioners in Fitness Centers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4159. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17114159

AMA Style

Bueno-Antequera J, Mayolas-Pi C, Reverter-Masià J, López-Laval I, Oviedo-Caro MÁ, Munguía-Izquierdo D, Ruidíaz-Peña M, Legaz-Arrese A. Exercise Addiction and Its Relationship with Health Outcomes in Indoor Cycling Practitioners in Fitness Centers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):4159. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17114159

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bueno-Antequera, Javier, Carmen Mayolas-Pi, Joaquin Reverter-Masià, Isaac López-Laval, Miguel Á. Oviedo-Caro, Diego Munguía-Izquierdo, Mercedes Ruidíaz-Peña, and Alejandro Legaz-Arrese. 2020. "Exercise Addiction and Its Relationship with Health Outcomes in Indoor Cycling Practitioners in Fitness Centers" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 4159. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17114159

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