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Review

Inspiratory Muscle Training in Intermittent Sports Modalities: A Systematic Review

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea De Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
2
Sport Department, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4448; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124448
Received: 10 May 2020 / Revised: 11 June 2020 / Accepted: 17 June 2020 / Published: 21 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Respiratory Muscle Training for Health and Performance)
The fatigue of the respiratory muscles causes the so-called metabolic reflex or metaboreflex, resulting in vasoconstriction of the blood vessels in the peripheral muscles, which leads to a decrease in respiratory performance. Training the respiratory muscles is a possible solution to avoid this type of impairment in intermittent sports. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the results obtained with inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in intermittent sports modalities, intending to determine whether its implementation would be adequate and useful in intermittent sports. A search in the Web of Science (WOS) and Scopus databases was conducted, following the Preferred Reporting Elements for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The methodological quality of the articles was assessed using the PEDro (Physiotherapy Evidence Database) scale. In conclusion, the introduction of specific devices of IMT seems to be a suitable method to improve performance in intermittent sports, mainly due to a reduction of the metaboreflex, fatigue sensation, and dyspnea. The ideal protocol would consist of a combination of acute and chronic treatment, and, even if IMT is done daily, the duration will not exceed one hour per week. View Full-Text
Keywords: inspiratory muscles; expiratory muscles; breathing exercises; sports performance; muscle strength inspiratory muscles; expiratory muscles; breathing exercises; sports performance; muscle strength
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lorca-Santiago, J.; Jiménez, S.L.; Pareja-Galeano, H.; Lorenzo, A. Inspiratory Muscle Training in Intermittent Sports Modalities: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4448. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124448

AMA Style

Lorca-Santiago J, Jiménez SL, Pareja-Galeano H, Lorenzo A. Inspiratory Muscle Training in Intermittent Sports Modalities: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4448. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124448

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lorca-Santiago, Juan, Sergio L. Jiménez, Helios Pareja-Galeano, and Alberto Lorenzo. 2020. "Inspiratory Muscle Training in Intermittent Sports Modalities: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4448. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124448

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