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Article

Age-Friendly Environments in ASEAN Plus Three: Case Studies from Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Thailand

1
ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
2
National Cancer Society of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 50300, Malaysia
3
Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
4
Faculty of International Liberal Arts, Juntendo University, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan
5
Community Partners International (CPI), Bahan Township, Yangon 11201, Myanmar
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4523; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124523
Received: 21 May 2020 / Revised: 18 June 2020 / Accepted: 19 June 2020 / Published: 23 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Inequalities in Ageing Societies and the Impact on Ageing Well)
Promoting age-friendly environment is one of the appropriate approaches to support quality of life toward ageing populations. However, the information regarding age-friendly environments in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Plus Three countries is still limited. This study aimed to survey the perceived age-friendly environments among ASEAN Plus Three older populations. The study employed cross-sectional quantitative research using multistage cluster sampling to select a sample of older adults in the capital cities of Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand. The final sample was composed of 2171 older adults aged 55 years and over, including 140 Japanese, 510 Thai, 537 Malaysian, 487 Myanmarese, and 497 Vietnamese older adults. Data collection was conducted using a quantitative questionnaire with 20 items of perceived age-friendly environments with the rating scale based on the World Health Organization (WHO) standard. The score from the 20 items were analyzed and examined high-risk groups of “bad perception level” age-friendly environments using ordinal logistic regression. The research indicated the five highest inadequacies of age-friendly environments including: (1) participating in an emergency-response training session or drill which addressed the needs of older residents; (2) enrolling in any form of education or training, either formal or non-formal in any subject; (3) having opportunities for paid employment; (4) involvement in decision making about important political, economic and social issues in the community; and (5) having personal care or assistance needs met in the older adult’s home setting by government/private care services. Information regarding the inadequacy of age-friendliness by region was evidenced to guide policy makers in providing the right interventions towards older adults’ needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: age-friendly environments; emergency response; lifelong learning; political; economic; health; personal care; village health volunteer; ASEAN plus three; older populations age-friendly environments; emergency response; lifelong learning; political; economic; health; personal care; village health volunteer; ASEAN plus three; older populations
MDPI and ACS Style

Tiraphat, S.; Buntup, D.; Munisamy, M.; Nguyen, T.H.; Yuasa, M.; Nyein Aung, M.; Hpone Myint, A. Age-Friendly Environments in ASEAN Plus Three: Case Studies from Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Thailand. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4523. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124523

AMA Style

Tiraphat S, Buntup D, Munisamy M, Nguyen TH, Yuasa M, Nyein Aung M, Hpone Myint A. Age-Friendly Environments in ASEAN Plus Three: Case Studies from Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Thailand. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4523. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124523

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tiraphat, Sariyamon, Doungjai Buntup, Murallitharan Munisamy, Thang H. Nguyen, Motoyuki Yuasa, Myo Nyein Aung, and Aung Hpone Myint. 2020. "Age-Friendly Environments in ASEAN Plus Three: Case Studies from Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Thailand" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4523. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124523

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