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Article

Is Narcissism Associated with Heavy Work Investment? The Moderating Role of Workload in the Relationship between Narcissism, Workaholism, and Work Engagement

1
FISPPA Section of Applied Psychology, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
2
School of Management and Economics, The Academic College of Tel Aviv-Yaffo, P.O.B 8401, Tel Aviv-Yaffo 6818211, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4750; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17134750
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 27 June 2020 / Published: 1 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advancing Workaholism Research)
This study aimed to investigate the association between narcissism and two forms of heavy work investment, namely, workaholism and work engagement. More specifically, it was hypothesized that narcissism is positively associated with both workaholism and work engagement, with workload moderating these relationships, which are expected to be stronger when the workload is high. Overall, 217 workers completed a self-report questionnaire, and the hypothesized relationships were tested using moderated multiple regression. Results partially supported our predictions. Narcissism was positively associated with workaholism and its dimensions of working excessively and working compulsively only in individuals facing a high workload. Furthermore, narcissism was positively associated with work engagement and its dimensions of vigor and dedication (but no absorption) in employees with average levels of workload. Finally, the workload exacerbated the relationship between narcissism and work engagement and its dimensions so that these associations were stronger when the workload was high. Overall, our study suggested that in a work environment characterized by moderate levels of demand, individuals with strong narcissistic components might inherently feel energetic and dedicated (i.e., engaged) at work. Differently, in a demanding work environment, workers with high narcissism might experience higher work engagement, but they could also be at risk of workaholism. View Full-Text
Keywords: narcissism; workaholism; work engagement; workload; moderation narcissism; workaholism; work engagement; workload; moderation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Falco, A.; Girardi, D.; Di Sipio, A.; Calvo, V.; Marogna, C.; Snir, R. Is Narcissism Associated with Heavy Work Investment? The Moderating Role of Workload in the Relationship between Narcissism, Workaholism, and Work Engagement. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4750. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17134750

AMA Style

Falco A, Girardi D, Di Sipio A, Calvo V, Marogna C, Snir R. Is Narcissism Associated with Heavy Work Investment? The Moderating Role of Workload in the Relationship between Narcissism, Workaholism, and Work Engagement. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(13):4750. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17134750

Chicago/Turabian Style

Falco, Alessandra, Damiano Girardi, Annamaria Di Sipio, Vincenzo Calvo, Cristina Marogna, and Raphael Snir. 2020. "Is Narcissism Associated with Heavy Work Investment? The Moderating Role of Workload in the Relationship between Narcissism, Workaholism, and Work Engagement" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 13: 4750. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17134750

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