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Article

Dispositional Optimism, Burnout and Their Relationship with Self-Reported Health Status among Nurses Working in Long-Term Healthcare Centers

1
Department of Nursing, University of Girona, Health and Healthcare Research Group, 17003 Girona, Spain
2
Department of Nursing, University of Girona, 17003 Girona, Spain
3
Quality of Life Institute, University of Girona, 17003 Girona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 4918; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17144918
Received: 2 June 2020 / Revised: 3 July 2020 / Accepted: 5 July 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Psychology)
The mental health of nurses working in long-term healthcare centers is affected by the care they provide to older people with major chronic diseases and comorbidity and this in turn affects the quality of that care. The aim of the study was to investigate dispositional optimism, burnout and self-reported health among nurses working in long-term healthcare centers. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was used. Survey questionnaires were distributed in 11 long-term health care centers (n = 156) in Catalonia (Spain). The instruments used were LOT-R (dispositional optimism), MBI (burnout) and EuroQol EQ-5D (self-reported health). Bivariate analyses and multivariate linear regression models were used. Self-reported health correlated directly with dispositional optimism and inversely with emotional exhaustion and cynicism. Better perceived health was independently associated with greater dispositional optimism and social support, lower levels of emotional exhaustion level and the absence of burnout. Dispositional optimism in nurses is associated with a greater perception of health and low levels of emotional exhaustion. View Full-Text
Keywords: health psychology; health promotion; occupational mental health; optimism; burnout; elderly care; long term care health psychology; health promotion; occupational mental health; optimism; burnout; elderly care; long term care
MDPI and ACS Style

Malagón-Aguilera, M.C.; Suñer-Soler, R.; Bonmatí-Tomas, A.; Bosch-Farré, C.; Gelabert-Viella, S.; Fontova-Almató, A.; Grau-Martín, A.; Juvinyà-Canal, D. Dispositional Optimism, Burnout and Their Relationship with Self-Reported Health Status among Nurses Working in Long-Term Healthcare Centers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4918. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17144918

AMA Style

Malagón-Aguilera MC, Suñer-Soler R, Bonmatí-Tomas A, Bosch-Farré C, Gelabert-Viella S, Fontova-Almató A, Grau-Martín A, Juvinyà-Canal D. Dispositional Optimism, Burnout and Their Relationship with Self-Reported Health Status among Nurses Working in Long-Term Healthcare Centers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):4918. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17144918

Chicago/Turabian Style

Malagón-Aguilera, Maria C., Rosa Suñer-Soler, Anna Bonmatí-Tomas, Cristina Bosch-Farré, Sandra Gelabert-Viella, Aurora Fontova-Almató, Armand Grau-Martín, and Dolors Juvinyà-Canal. 2020. "Dispositional Optimism, Burnout and Their Relationship with Self-Reported Health Status among Nurses Working in Long-Term Healthcare Centers" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 4918. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17144918

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