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Article

Mental Health and Work Attitudes among People Resuming Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in China

by 1,2, 1,2,*, 3, 2,4 and 5,6
1
CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Beijing 100101, China
2
Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
School of psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037, China
4
CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Beijing 100101, China
5
Plateau Center of Brain Sciences, Tibet University, Lasa 850000, China
6
School of Medicine, Tibet University, Lasa 850000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5059; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145059
Received: 5 June 2020 / Revised: 9 July 2020 / Accepted: 11 July 2020 / Published: 14 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Psychology)
The unprecedented outbreak of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused an economic downturn and increased the unemployment rate in China. In this context, employees face health and social economic stressors. To assess their mental health (i.e., anxiety, depression, insomnia and somatization) and work attitudes (i.e., work engagement, job satisfaction and turnover intention) as well as the associated factors, we conducted a cross-sectional study among people who resumed work after the Spring Festival holiday during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results show that the prevalence of anxiety, depression, insomnia and somatization among these people was 12.7%, 13.5%, 20.7% and 6.6%, respectively. The major risk factor for mental health was worrying about unemployment, and the main protective factors were psychological strengths (i.e., resilience and optimism). Regarding work attitudes, the percentage of people who felt more satisfied with their job (43.8%) was larger than that of those who felt less satisfied (26.9%), while the percentage of people who thought about quitting their job more frequently (15.7%) was smaller than that of those who considered it less frequently (63.2%). However, work engagement was lower than usual. Similar to the factors associated with mental health, the major risk factor for work attitudes was also worrying about unemployment, and the main protective factors were resilience and optimism. In addition, the nature of the organization, job status, age, position and income changes were also related to these work attitudes. Our findings shed light on the need for organization administrators to be aware of the status of and factors associated with employees’ mental health and work attitudes during the COVID-19 pandemic. Policies or interventions could be developed based on our findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; resume work; mental health; work attitudes; work engagement; job satisfaction; turnover intention; employees COVID-19; resume work; mental health; work attitudes; work engagement; job satisfaction; turnover intention; employees
MDPI and ACS Style

Song, L.; Wang, Y.; Li, Z.; Yang, Y.; Li, H. Mental Health and Work Attitudes among People Resuming Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5059. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145059

AMA Style

Song L, Wang Y, Li Z, Yang Y, Li H. Mental Health and Work Attitudes among People Resuming Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5059. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Lili, Yong Wang, ZhengLin Li, Ying Yang, and Hao Li. 2020. "Mental Health and Work Attitudes among People Resuming Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5059. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145059

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