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Case Report

Long-Term Combined Training in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study

1
Department of Sport and Computing, Pablo de Olavide University, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
2
Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre (i+12), 28041 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5091; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145091
Received: 25 June 2020 / Revised: 8 July 2020 / Accepted: 10 July 2020 / Published: 15 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Exercise and Chronic Diseases Prevention)
A supervised combined training program was applied to a sedentary 56-year-old man with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) along three years, until lung transplantation. It included: (a) aerobic continuous (CT) and interval training (IT), (b) high load resistance training (RT) and (c) inspiratory muscle training (IMT). IT and IMT were applied for two years, while CT and RT could be maintained until transplantation using supplemental oxygen. Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) kept above 180 cm H2O and forced vital capacity (FVC) remained stable until lung transplantation. Peak oxygen uptake VO2 increased during 1.5 years before its decline, staying above the poor prognosis level two years. Finally, the patient maintained his walking capacity and independence for 2 years, before the decline due to the disease. After receiving a two-lung transplant, the patient remained intubated for 12 h, left the intensive care unit after 3.5 days and was discharged after 18 days (average values: 48 h, 7–10 days and 25–35 days, respectively). These results show that systematic and supervised combined training can be safety applied in an IPF patient to maintain functionality and quality of life. In addition, we show that RT can be maintained for as long as necessary without complications. View Full-Text
Keywords: inspiratory muscle training; resistance training; idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis inspiratory muscle training; resistance training; idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Naranjo-Orellana, J.; Santalla, A. Long-Term Combined Training in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5091. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145091

AMA Style

Naranjo-Orellana J, Santalla A. Long-Term Combined Training in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5091. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145091

Chicago/Turabian Style

Naranjo-Orellana, José, and Alfredo Santalla. 2020. "Long-Term Combined Training in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5091. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145091

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