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Article

Effect of Post-Stroke Rehabilitation on Body Mass Composition in Relation to Socio-Demographic and Clinical Factors

1
Institute of Health Sciences, Medical College, University of Rzeszów, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
2
Clinical Provincial Hospital No. 2, 35-301 Rzeszów, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5134; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145134
Received: 26 June 2020 / Revised: 9 July 2020 / Accepted: 14 July 2020 / Published: 16 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
Background and objectives: Stroke is one of the leading causes of morbidity, mortality and long-term adult disability. The aim of this study was to assess the changes in body mass composition in patients after stroke in connection with selected socio-demographic and clinical factors (sex, age, type of stroke and time from the first symptoms) following the rehabilitation process. Materials and Methods: The study group consisted of 100 post-stroke subjects who participated in a comprehensive rehabilitation program for a duration of five weeks. The measurements of body composition by a Tanita MC 780 MA analyser were performed on the day of admission to hospital, on the day of discharge (after 5 weeks) and 12 weeks after discharge from hospital. Results: It was shown that before rehabilitation (Exam I) in the study group there were significant differences in body composition relative to sex, age and time from stroke. The rates of fat mass % and visceral fat level decreased after rehabilitation (Exam II) in both males and females. Exam II, at the end hospital rehabilitation, showed lower levels of fat mass %, visceral fat level, as well as fat-free mass % and higher values of total body water % and muscle mass %. In Exam III, i.e., 12 weeks after discharge, all of the parameters retained their values. Conclusions: The study shows an association between stroke risk factors (primarily age, sex and time from the onset of the first symptoms of stroke) and body mass composition resulting from rehabilitation. The type of stroke and the effects of rehabilitation on body mass components showed no differences. Comprehensive rehabilitation had a positive effect on the body mass components. View Full-Text
Keywords: stroke; stroke rehabilitation; body composition; muscle mass; fat mass stroke; stroke rehabilitation; body composition; muscle mass; fat mass
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MDPI and ACS Style

Przysada, G.; Czenczek-Lewandowska, E.; Wyszyńska, J.; Weres, A.; Baran, J.; Kwolek, A.; Leszczak, J. Effect of Post-Stroke Rehabilitation on Body Mass Composition in Relation to Socio-Demographic and Clinical Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5134. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145134

AMA Style

Przysada G, Czenczek-Lewandowska E, Wyszyńska J, Weres A, Baran J, Kwolek A, Leszczak J. Effect of Post-Stroke Rehabilitation on Body Mass Composition in Relation to Socio-Demographic and Clinical Factors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5134. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145134

Chicago/Turabian Style

Przysada, Grzegorz, Ewelina Czenczek-Lewandowska, Justyna Wyszyńska, Aneta Weres, Joanna Baran, Andrzej Kwolek, and Justyna Leszczak. 2020. "Effect of Post-Stroke Rehabilitation on Body Mass Composition in Relation to Socio-Demographic and Clinical Factors" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5134. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145134

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