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Article

Exercise, Comorbidities, and Health-Related Quality of Life in People Living with HIV: The HIBES Cohort Study

1
Social and Preventive Medicine, Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Potsdam, 14469 Potsdam, Germany
2
Department of Sports Methods and Techniques, Federal University of Santa Maria, 97105 Santa Maria, Brazil
3
Outpatient Clinic—Center for Sports Medicine, Department of Sports & Health Sciences, University of Potsdam, 14469 Potsdam, Germany
4
Department of Psychology, Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, 2109 Sydney, Australia
5
Social and Preventive Medicine, Department of Sports and Health Sciences, Intra-faculty unit “Cognitive Sciences”, Faculty of Human Science, and Faculty of Health Sciences Brandenburg, Research Area Services Research and e-Health, University of Potsdam, 14469 Potsdam, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5138; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145138
Received: 29 May 2020 / Revised: 5 July 2020 / Accepted: 12 July 2020 / Published: 16 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
(1) Background: People with HIV (PWH) may perform more than one type of exercise cumulatively. The objective of this study is to investigate recreational exercise and its association with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and comorbidities in relation to potential covariates. (2) Methods: The HIBES study (HIV-Begleiterkrankungen-Sport) is a cross-sectional study for people with HIV. The differences between non-exercisers versus exercisers (cumulated vs. single type of exercises) were investigated using regression models based on 454 participants. (3) Results: Exercisers showed a higher HRQOL score compared to non-exercisers (Wilcox r = 0.2 to 0.239). Psychological disorders were identified as the main covariate. Participants performing exercise cumulatively showed higher scores in duration, frequency, and intensity when compared to participants performing only one type of exercise. The mental health summary score was higher for the cumulated and single type of exercise if a psychological disorder existed. Duration and intensity were associated with an increase of HRQOL, whilst a stronger association between psychological disorders and exercise variables were evident. Exercise duration (minutes) showed a significant effect on QOL (standardized beta = 0.1) and for participants with psychological disorders (standardized beta = 0.3), respectively. (4) Conclusions: Psychological disorders and other covariates have a prominent effect on HRQOL and its association with exercise. For PWH with a psychological disorder, a stronger relationship between HRQOL with exercise duration and intensity emerged. However, differentiation of high-HRQOL individuals warrants further investigation by considering additional factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIV; exercise intensity; quality of life; comorbidity HIV; exercise intensity; quality of life; comorbidity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zech, P.; Schuch, F.; Pérez-Chaparro, C.; Kangas, M.; Rapp, M.; Heissel, A. Exercise, Comorbidities, and Health-Related Quality of Life in People Living with HIV: The HIBES Cohort Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5138. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145138

AMA Style

Zech P, Schuch F, Pérez-Chaparro C, Kangas M, Rapp M, Heissel A. Exercise, Comorbidities, and Health-Related Quality of Life in People Living with HIV: The HIBES Cohort Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5138. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145138

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zech, Philipp, Felipe Schuch, Camilo Pérez-Chaparro, Maria Kangas, Michael Rapp, and Andreas Heissel. 2020. "Exercise, Comorbidities, and Health-Related Quality of Life in People Living with HIV: The HIBES Cohort Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5138. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145138

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