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Article

The Study Demands-Resources Framework: An Empirical Introduction

Division of Prevention and Psychosocial Health Research, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5183; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145183
Received: 9 June 2020 / Revised: 9 July 2020 / Accepted: 15 July 2020 / Published: 17 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Psychology)
Based on the well-established job demands-resources (JD-R) framework, in our study we introduce the novel study demands-resources (SD-R) framework. The SD-R framework allows the study of salutogenic and pathogenic effects of university settings on students’ health and well-being. Using a large sample of university students (n = 5660), our aim was to translate and validate the JD-R’s essential assumptions within the university context, and thus establish the SD-R framework. We performed structural equation modelling to examine these essential assumptions. As assumed, we found that study demands—the “bad things” at university—predict student burnout (β = 0.50), whereas study resources—the “good things” at university—predict student engagement (β = 0.70) as well as burnout (β = −0.35). Also, in line with the SD-R’s assumptions, student burnout predicts life satisfaction negatively (β = −0.34), whereas student engagement predicts life satisfaction positively (β = 0.29). Hence, we were able to introduce the novel SD-R framework and validate its core assumptions. The SD-R framework serves as an excellent theoretical basis to examine both the salutogenic and pathogenic effects of the study context on students’ health and well-being. However, the framework needs further longitudinal and meta-analytical verification in accordance with the research on the JD-R framework. View Full-Text
Keywords: study demands-resources framework; student engagement; student burnout; mental health; university students study demands-resources framework; student engagement; student burnout; mental health; university students
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lesener, T.; Pleiss, L.S.; Gusy, B.; Wolter, C. The Study Demands-Resources Framework: An Empirical Introduction. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5183. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145183

AMA Style

Lesener T, Pleiss LS, Gusy B, Wolter C. The Study Demands-Resources Framework: An Empirical Introduction. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5183. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145183

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lesener, Tino, Leonard S. Pleiss, Burkhard Gusy, and Christine Wolter. 2020. "The Study Demands-Resources Framework: An Empirical Introduction" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5183. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145183

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