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Employee Political Skill, Supervisor-Subordinate Guanxi, and Work-Family Conflict: The Cross-Level Moderating Role of Family-Friendly Practices

by 1,*, 1 and 2
1
School of Labor Economics, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100070, China
2
Periodical Head Office, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100026, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5185; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145185
Received: 21 June 2020 / Revised: 13 July 2020 / Accepted: 15 July 2020 / Published: 17 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Psychology)
Many studies have examined the negative effects of work-family conflict on society, organizations, and individuals. Nonetheless, alleviating employee work-family conflict is a topic worthy of further investigation. Few studies examine the antecedent variables of work-family conflict from personal skill and Guanxi perspectives. Studies that test the moderating role of family-friendly practices at the organization level are also rare. Accordingly, we collected data from 404 employees of 51 organizations. The research data are time-lagged and multileveled. The results of hierarchical linear model (HLM) show: (1) Employee political skill negatively affects employee perceived work-family conflict; (2) Employee political skill positively affects supervisor-subordinate Guanxi; (3) Supervisor-subordinate Guanxi partially mediates the relationship between employee political skill and employee work-family conflict (that is, employees can use their political skill to build high-quality supervisor-subordinate Guanxi, further reducing their perceived work-family conflict); (4) Organization family-friendly practices negatively moderate the relationship between supervisor-subordinate Guanxi and work-family conflict (that is, in organizations with high level family-friendly practices, the negative relationship between supervisor-subordinate Guanxi and work-family conflict becomes weak); Furthermore, by coding with Mplus software (Muthen & Muthen, Los Angeles, CA, USA), we also find: (5) Organization family-friendly practices moderate the indirect effect of employee political skill on employee work-family conflict. The results have both theoretical and empirical implications. Further research directions are addressed at the end. View Full-Text
Keywords: political skill; supervisor-subordinate Guanxi; work-family conflict; family-friendly practices; moderated mediation model political skill; supervisor-subordinate Guanxi; work-family conflict; family-friendly practices; moderated mediation model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, L.; Miao, R.; Jiang, L. Employee Political Skill, Supervisor-Subordinate Guanxi, and Work-Family Conflict: The Cross-Level Moderating Role of Family-Friendly Practices. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5185. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145185

AMA Style

Tang L, Miao R, Jiang L. Employee Political Skill, Supervisor-Subordinate Guanxi, and Work-Family Conflict: The Cross-Level Moderating Role of Family-Friendly Practices. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5185. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tang, Le, Rentao Miao, and Lai Jiang. 2020. "Employee Political Skill, Supervisor-Subordinate Guanxi, and Work-Family Conflict: The Cross-Level Moderating Role of Family-Friendly Practices" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5185. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145185

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