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Article

Driving Accidents, Driving Violations, Symptoms of Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity (ADHD) and Attentional Network Tasks

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Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz 5166616471, Iran
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Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 5166616471, Iran
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Department of Physical Education and Special Motricity, Faculty of Physical Education and Mountain Sports, Transilvania University of Brasov, 500068 Braşov, Romania
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Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), Adult Psychiatric Clinics (UPKE), University of Basel, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
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Substance Use Prevention Research Center and Sleep Disorder Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Kermanshah 67198511115, Iran
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Departments of Physical Therapy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35209, USA
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Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Division of Sport Science, University of Basel, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
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School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1416753955, Iran
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5238; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145238
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 12 July 2020 / Accepted: 16 July 2020 / Published: 20 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adult Psychiatry)
Background: Iran has serious problems with traffic-related injuries and death. A major reason for traffic accidents is cognitive failure due to deficits in attention. In this study, we investigated the associations between traffic violations, traffic accidents, symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), age, and on an attentional network task in a sample of Iranian adults. Methods: A total of 274 participants (mean age: 31.37 years; 80.7% males) completed questionnaires covering demographic information, driving violations, traffic accidents, and symptoms of ADHD. In addition, they underwent an objective attentional network task (ANT), based on Posner’s concept of attentional networks. Results: More frequent traffic violations, correlated with lower age and poorer performance on the attentional network tasks. Higher symptoms of ADHD were associated with more accidents and more traffic violations, but not with the performance of the attentional tasks. Higher ADHD scores, a poorer performance on attentional network tasks, and younger age predicted traffic violations. Only higher symptoms of ADHD predicted more traffic accidents. Conclusions: In a sample of Iranian drivers, self-rated symptoms of ADHD appeared to be associated with traffic violations and accidents, while symptoms of ADHD were unrelated to objectively assessed performance on an attentional network task. Poor attentional network performance was a significant predictor of traffic violations but not of accidents. To increase traffic safety, both symptoms of ADHD and attentional network performance appear to merit particular attention. View Full-Text
Keywords: driving behavior; attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD); attentional network task; age; traffic accidents; traffic violations driving behavior; attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD); attentional network task; age; traffic accidents; traffic violations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zamani Sani, S.H.; Fathirezaie, Z.; Sadeghi-Bazargani, H.; Badicu, G.; Ebrahimi, S.; Grosz, R.W.; Sadeghi Bahmani, D.; Brand, S. Driving Accidents, Driving Violations, Symptoms of Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity (ADHD) and Attentional Network Tasks. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5238. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145238

AMA Style

Zamani Sani SH, Fathirezaie Z, Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Badicu G, Ebrahimi S, Grosz RW, Sadeghi Bahmani D, Brand S. Driving Accidents, Driving Violations, Symptoms of Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity (ADHD) and Attentional Network Tasks. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5238. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145238

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zamani Sani, Seyed H., Zahra Fathirezaie, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Georgian Badicu, Safyeh Ebrahimi, Robert W. Grosz, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, and Serge Brand. 2020. "Driving Accidents, Driving Violations, Symptoms of Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity (ADHD) and Attentional Network Tasks" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5238. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145238

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