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Article

Comparative Evaluation of Dental Implant Failure among Healthy and Well-Controlled Diabetic Patients—A 3-Year Retrospective Study

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Prosthodontics, Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakakah 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Internal medicine, Medical College, Jouf University, Sakakah 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Oral Medicine & Radiology, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery & Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakakah 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Periodontics, Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakakah 72345, Saudi Arabia
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School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Kubang Kerian 16150, Malaysia
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Director of Biomedical and Clinical Research, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
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Orthodontic Division, Preventive Dentistry Department, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakakah 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5253; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145253
Received: 2 July 2020 / Revised: 14 July 2020 / Accepted: 16 July 2020 / Published: 21 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Dental Implants on Oral Health)
Diabetes mellitus is known to compromise the various aspects of homeostasis, including the immune response and the composition of oral microflora. One of the oral manifestations of diabetes mellitus is tooth loss and the survival rate of dental implants chosen as a treatment modality for its rehabilitation is controversial. The current study aims to evaluate and compare the failure rate of dental implants between well-controlled diabetic and healthy patients. A retrospective study of case-control design was conceptualized with 121 well-controlled diabetic and 136 healthy individuals. Records of subjects who had undergone oral rehabilitation with dental implants between the periods of January 2013 to January 2016 were retrieved. Post-operative evaluation was carried out for all patients for about three years to assess the immediate and long-term success of the procedure. From a total of 742 dental implants, 377 were placed in well-controlled diabetic patients (case group) and 365 in healthy subjects (control group). A comparable (9.81%), but non-significant (p = 0.422) failure rate was found in the case group in comparison to the control group (9.04%). A non-significant (p = 0.392) raised number (4.98%) of failure cases were reported among females in comparison to males (4.44%). In respect to arch, the mandibular posterior region was reported as the highest failure cases (3.09%; p = 0.411), with 2.29% of cases reported in the mandibular anterior (p = 0.430) and maxillary posterior (p = 0.983) each. The maxillary anterior region was found to have the least number (1.75%; p = 0.999) of failure cases. More (4.98%; p = 0.361) cases were reported to fail during the functional loading stage in contrast to osseointegration (4.44%; p = 0.365). A well-controlled diabetic status does not impose any additional risk for individuals undergoing dental implant therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental implant; diabetes mellitus; dental implant survival; peri-implantitis; implant osseointegration dental implant; diabetes mellitus; dental implant survival; peri-implantitis; implant osseointegration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sghaireen, M.G.; Alduraywish, A.A.; Srivastava, K.C.; Shrivastava, D.; Patil, S.R.; Al Habib, S.; Hamza, M.; Ab Rahman, S.; Lynch, E.; Alam, M.K. Comparative Evaluation of Dental Implant Failure among Healthy and Well-Controlled Diabetic Patients—A 3-Year Retrospective Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5253. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145253

AMA Style

Sghaireen MG, Alduraywish AA, Srivastava KC, Shrivastava D, Patil SR, Al Habib S, Hamza M, Ab Rahman S, Lynch E, Alam MK. Comparative Evaluation of Dental Implant Failure among Healthy and Well-Controlled Diabetic Patients—A 3-Year Retrospective Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5253. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145253

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sghaireen, Mohammed G., Abdulrahman A. Alduraywish, Kumar C. Srivastava, Deepti Shrivastava, Santosh R. Patil, Selham Al Habib, May Hamza, Saifulizan Ab Rahman, Edward Lynch, and Mohammad K. Alam 2020. "Comparative Evaluation of Dental Implant Failure among Healthy and Well-Controlled Diabetic Patients—A 3-Year Retrospective Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5253. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145253

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