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Article

Association between Walking Pace and Diabetes: Findings from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017

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Escuela de Kinesiología, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago 1015, Chile
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Escuela de Enfermería, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago 1015, Chile
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Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago 1015, Chile
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Grupo de Investigación en Calidad de Vida, Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación, Facultad de Educación y Humanidades, Universidad del Biobío, Chillán 1180, Chile
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Departamento de Ciencias del Deporte y Acondicionamiento Físico, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepción 2850, Chile
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Instituto de Farmacia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia 1954, Chile
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Instituto de Anatomía, Histología y Patología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia 1954, Chile
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Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
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British Heart Foundation Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
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Pedagogía en Educación Física, Facultad de Educación, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Talca 2203, Chile
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CIEDE-UCSC, Departamentos de Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Católica de la Santísima, Concepción 2850, Chile
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Departamento de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 1290, Chile
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Centro de Vida Saludable, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 1290, Chile
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Depto. de Bioquímica Clínica e Inmunología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 1290, Chile
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Centro de Investigación en Fisiología del Ejercicio (CIFE), Universidad Mayor, Santiago 2422, Chile
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Laboratorio de Rendimiento Humano, Grupo de Estudio en Educación, Actividad Física y Salud (GEEAFyS), Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca 2203, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the research.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5341; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155341
Received: 23 February 2020 / Revised: 26 April 2020 / Accepted: 27 April 2020 / Published: 24 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Background: Walking pace is a well-known indicator of physical capability, but it is also a strong predictor of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, there is a lack of evidence on the association between walking pace and T2D, specifically, within developing countries such as Chile. Aim: To investigate the association between self-reported walking pace and T2D in the Chilean adult population. Methods: 5520 Chilean participants (aged 15 to 90 years, 52.1% women) from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017 were included in this cross-sectional study. Both walking pace (slow, average, and brisk) and diabetes data were collected through self-reported methods. Fasting blood glucose (reported in mg/dl) and glycosylated haemoglobin A (HbA1c) scores were determined via blood exams. Results: In the unadjusted model, and compared to people who reported a slow walking pace, those with average and brisk walking pace had lower blood glucose levels (β = −7.74 mg/dL (95% CI: −11.08 to −4.40) and β = −11.05 mg/dL (95% CI: −14.36 to −7.75), respectively) and lower HbA1c (β = −0.34% (95% CI: −0.57 to −0.11) and β= −0.72% (95% CI: −0.94 to −0.49)), respectively. After adjusting for sociodemographic, Body Mass Index and lifestyle factors, the association between glycaemia and HbA1c remained only for brisk walkers. Both the average and brisk walker categories had lower odds of T2D (OR: 0.59 (95% CI: 0.41 to 0.84) and (OR 0.48 (95% CI: 0.30 to 0.79), respectively). Conclusion: Brisk walkers were associated with lower blood glucose and HbA1c levels. Moreover, average to brisk walking pace also showed a lower risk for T2D. View Full-Text
Keywords: walking pace; diabetes mellitus; glucose; glycosylated haemoglobin A; health surveys; Chile (MeSH) walking pace; diabetes mellitus; glucose; glycosylated haemoglobin A; health surveys; Chile (MeSH)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cigarroa, I.; Espinoza-Sanhueza, M.J.; Lasserre-Laso, N.; Diaz-Martinez, X.; Garrido-Mendez, A.; Matus-Castillo, C.; Martinez-Sanguinetti, M.A.; Leiva, A.M.; Petermann-Rocha, F.; Parra-Soto, S.; Concha-Cisternas, Y.; Troncoso-Pantoja, C.; Martorell, M.; Ulloa, N.; Waddell, H.; Celis-Morales, C. Association between Walking Pace and Diabetes: Findings from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5341. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155341

AMA Style

Cigarroa I, Espinoza-Sanhueza MJ, Lasserre-Laso N, Diaz-Martinez X, Garrido-Mendez A, Matus-Castillo C, Martinez-Sanguinetti MA, Leiva AM, Petermann-Rocha F, Parra-Soto S, Concha-Cisternas Y, Troncoso-Pantoja C, Martorell M, Ulloa N, Waddell H, Celis-Morales C. Association between Walking Pace and Diabetes: Findings from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5341. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155341

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cigarroa, Igor, María J. Espinoza-Sanhueza, Nicole Lasserre-Laso, Ximena Diaz-Martinez, Alex Garrido-Mendez, Carlos Matus-Castillo, María A. Martinez-Sanguinetti, Ana M. Leiva, Fanny Petermann-Rocha, Solange Parra-Soto, Yeny Concha-Cisternas, Claudia Troncoso-Pantoja, Miquel Martorell, Natalia Ulloa, Heather Waddell, and Carlos Celis-Morales. 2020. "Association between Walking Pace and Diabetes: Findings from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016–2017" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5341. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155341

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