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Article

Perceived Stress and Associated Factors in Russian Medical and Dental Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in North-West Russia

1
Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway
2
Department of Prosthodontics, Northern State Medical University, 163000 Arkhangelsk, Russia
3
Oral Health Centre of Expertise in Eastern Norway, 0369 Oslo, Norway
4
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5390; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155390
Received: 2 June 2020 / Revised: 17 July 2020 / Accepted: 24 July 2020 / Published: 27 July 2020
The aim was to assess perceived stress (PS) and factors associated with PS in Russian medical and dental students. A total of 406 medical and 283 dental students aged 18–25 years that attended the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk, North-West Russia participated in this cross-sectional study. A structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health (OH) behavior, and self-reported OH. All students were clinically examined to assess dental caries, oral hygiene, and gingiva. PS was measured by the Perceived Stress Scale 10 (PSS-10). Of the students, 26.0%, 69.1%, and 4.9% reported low, moderate, and high PS, respectively. Female sex (b = 2.28, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.38–3.18), dental faculty (b = 1.74, 95% CI: 0.94–2.54), low subjective socioeconomic status (SES) (b = 1.71, 95% CI: 0.91–2.51), and irregular dental visits (b = 1.65, 95% CI: 0.72–2.58) were associated with higher PSS-10 score. These factors were assumed to be clinical meaningful, given that minimal clinically important difference of PSS-10 fell between 2.19 and 2.66 points. The majority of the medical and dental students reported moderate PS. Based on statistical significance and clinical meaningfulness, socio-demographic factors (sex, faculty), subjective SES, and OH behavior (regularity of dental visits) were associated with PS. View Full-Text
Keywords: medical and dental students; perceived stress scale; minimal clinically important difference; Russia; Northern State Medical University medical and dental students; perceived stress scale; minimal clinically important difference; Russia; Northern State Medical University
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MDPI and ACS Style

Drachev, S.N.; Stangvaltaite-Mouhat, L.; Bolstad, N.L.; Johnsen, J.-A.K.; Yushmanova, T.N.; Trovik, T.A. Perceived Stress and Associated Factors in Russian Medical and Dental Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in North-West Russia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5390. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155390

AMA Style

Drachev SN, Stangvaltaite-Mouhat L, Bolstad NL, Johnsen J-AK, Yushmanova TN, Trovik TA. Perceived Stress and Associated Factors in Russian Medical and Dental Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in North-West Russia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5390. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155390

Chicago/Turabian Style

Drachev, Sergei N., Lina Stangvaltaite-Mouhat, Napat L. Bolstad, Jan-Are K. Johnsen, Tatiana N. Yushmanova, and Tordis A. Trovik 2020. "Perceived Stress and Associated Factors in Russian Medical and Dental Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in North-West Russia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5390. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155390

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