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Article

Relief Alternatives during Resuscitation: Instructions to Teach Bystanders. A Randomized Control Trial

1
Faculty of Nursing, Universidad Católica de Murcia UCAM, 30107 Murcia, Spain
2
Faculty of Nursing, University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
3
Faculty of Nursing, Catholic University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5495; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155495
Received: 30 June 2020 / Revised: 22 July 2020 / Accepted: 26 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing and Society)
To analyze the quality of resuscitation (CPR) performed by individuals without training after receiving a set of instructions (structured and unstructured/intuitive) from an expert in a simulated context, the specific objective was to design a simple and structured CPR learning method on-site. An experimental study was designed, consisting of two random groups with a post-intervention measurement in which the experimental group (EG) received standardized instructions, and the control group (CG) received intuitive or non-standardized instructions, in a public area simulated scenario. Statistically significant differences were found (p < 0.0001) between the EG and the CG for variables: time needed to give orders, pauses between chest compressions and ventilations, depth, overall score, chest compression score, and chest recoil. The average depth of the EG was 51.1 mm (SD 7.94) and 42.2 mm (SD 12.04) for the CG. The chest recoil median was 86.32% (IQR 62.36, 98.87) for the EG, and 58.3% (IQR 27.46, 84.33) in the CG. The use of a sequence of simple, short and specific orders, together with observation-based learning makes possible the execution of chest compression maneuvers that are very similar to those performed by rescuers, and allows the teaching of the basic notions of ventilation. The structured order method was shown to be an on-site learning opportunity when faced with the need to maintain high-quality CPR in the presence of an expert resuscitator until the arrival of emergency services. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiopulmonary resuscitation; chest compression; method; experiential learning; observation; CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation; chest compression; method; experiential learning; observation; CPR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pujalte-Jesús, M.J.; Leal-Costa, C.; Ruzafa-Martínez, M.; Ramos-Morcillo, A.J.; Díaz Agea, J.L. Relief Alternatives during Resuscitation: Instructions to Teach Bystanders. A Randomized Control Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5495. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155495

AMA Style

Pujalte-Jesús MJ, Leal-Costa C, Ruzafa-Martínez M, Ramos-Morcillo AJ, Díaz Agea JL. Relief Alternatives during Resuscitation: Instructions to Teach Bystanders. A Randomized Control Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5495. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155495

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pujalte-Jesús, María J., César Leal-Costa, María Ruzafa-Martínez, Antonio J. Ramos-Morcillo, and José L. Díaz Agea 2020. "Relief Alternatives during Resuscitation: Instructions to Teach Bystanders. A Randomized Control Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5495. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155495

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