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Article

Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Levels of Resilience and Burnout in Spanish Health Personnel during the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Department of Social and Work Psychology and Individual Differences, Faculty of Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Education, Faculty of Languages and Education, Nebrija University, 28015 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5514; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155514
Received: 4 July 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
The number of health workers infected with COVID-19 in Spain is one of the highest in the world. The aim of this study is to analyse posttraumatic stress, anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 pandemic. Associations between burnout, resilience, demographic, work and COVID-19 variables are analysed. Cross-sectional data on 1422 health workers were analysed. A total of 56.6% of health workers present symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, 58.6% anxiety disorder, 46% depressive disorder and 41.1% feel emotionally drained. The profile of a health worker with greater posttraumatic stress symptoms would be a person who works in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, in a hospital, is a woman, is concerned that a person he/she lives with may be infected, and thinks that he/she is very likely to be infected. The risk variables for anxiety and depression would be a person that is a woman, working 12- or 24-h shifts, and being worried that a family member could be infected. High scores on emotional exhaustion and depersonalization are risk factors for mental health, with resilience and personal fulfilment being protective variables. Data are provided to improve preventive measures for occupational health workers. View Full-Text
Keywords: posttraumatic stress disorder; anxiety; depression; burnout; resilience; health personnel; COVID-19 posttraumatic stress disorder; anxiety; depression; burnout; resilience; health personnel; COVID-19
MDPI and ACS Style

Luceño-Moreno, L.; Talavera-Velasco, B.; García-Albuerne, Y.; Martín-García, J. Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Levels of Resilience and Burnout in Spanish Health Personnel during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5514. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155514

AMA Style

Luceño-Moreno L, Talavera-Velasco B, García-Albuerne Y, Martín-García J. Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Levels of Resilience and Burnout in Spanish Health Personnel during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5514. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155514

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luceño-Moreno, Lourdes, Beatriz Talavera-Velasco, Yolanda García-Albuerne, and Jesús Martín-García. 2020. "Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Levels of Resilience and Burnout in Spanish Health Personnel during the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5514. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155514

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