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Article

Effect of a Six-Week Core Conditioning as a Warm-Up Exercise in Physical Education Classes on Physical Fitness, Movement Capability, and Balance in School-Aged Children

1
Department of Sports Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
2
PhD Program in Biomedical Engineering, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
3
Regenerative Medicine and Cell Therapy Research Center, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
4
Center for Physical and Health Education, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5517; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155517
Received: 30 June 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
Whether the implementation of feasible, equipment-free, and simple core exercises in warm-up routines in physical education classes for school-aged children is beneficial remains unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of a core conditioning in the warm-up routine of physical education classes on trunk muscular endurance, movement capability, and flexibility in this population. In these pre- and post-test control group experiments, 52 healthy, school-aged children (aged 10–11 years) were cluster randomized allocated to either the dynamic core exercise (DCE) group or general physical education (GPE) group. The DCE group performed a 10-min core exercise routine twice per week for six consecutive weeks; the GPE group performed traditional physical education warm-up exercises regularly. The children were assessed by conducting the trunk muscular endurance test (i.e., dynamic curl-up, static curl-up, plank, and lateral plank), functional movement screen (FMS), and single-leg balance test before and after the intervention. At the end of the intervention, the DCE group demonstrated a significant effect on trunk muscular endurance, movement capability (i.e., FMS scores), flexibility, and balance (each p < 0.001, effect size: 0.38–1.3). Furthermore, the DCE group showed significant improvements in all outcome measurements compared with the GPE group (p < 0.05, effect size: 0.29–1.68). These data may provide a reference for incorporating additional core stability exercises in the warm-up routine of physical education classes in school-aged children in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: pediatrics; trunk muscular endurance; physical activity; sports; functional movement screen pediatrics; trunk muscular endurance; physical activity; sports; functional movement screen
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chang, N.-J.; Tsai, I.-H.; Lee, C.-L.; Liang, C.-H. Effect of a Six-Week Core Conditioning as a Warm-Up Exercise in Physical Education Classes on Physical Fitness, Movement Capability, and Balance in School-Aged Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5517. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155517

AMA Style

Chang N-J, Tsai I-H, Lee C-L, Liang C-H. Effect of a Six-Week Core Conditioning as a Warm-Up Exercise in Physical Education Classes on Physical Fitness, Movement Capability, and Balance in School-Aged Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5517. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155517

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chang, Nai-Jen, I-Hsien Tsai, Chia-Lun Lee, and Chun-Hao Liang. 2020. "Effect of a Six-Week Core Conditioning as a Warm-Up Exercise in Physical Education Classes on Physical Fitness, Movement Capability, and Balance in School-Aged Children" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5517. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155517

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