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Review

A Systematic Review of the Psychosocial Adjustment of Children and Adolescents with Facial Palsy: The Impact of Moebius Syndrome

1
Oxford Facial Palsy Service, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
2
Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
3
School of Psychological Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
4
Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5528; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155528
Received: 6 July 2020 / Revised: 21 July 2020 / Accepted: 22 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
Introduction: Facial palsy is often associated with impaired facial function and altered appearance. However, the literature with regards to the psychological adjustment of children and adolescents with facial palsy has not been systematically reviewed to date. This paper aimed to review all published research with regards to psychosocial adjustment for children and adolescents with facial palsy. Methods: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PsychInfo and AMED databases were searched and data was extracted with regards to participant characteristics, study methodology, outcome measures used, psychosocial adjustment and study quality. Results: Five studies were eligible for inclusion, all of which investigated psychosocial adjustment in participants with Moebius syndrome, a form of congenital facial palsy. Many parents reported their children to have greater social difficulties than general population norms, with difficulties potentially increasing with age. Other areas of psychosocial adjustment, including behaviour, anxiety and depression, were found to be more comparable to the general population. Discussion: Children and adolescents with Moebius syndrome may experience social difficulties. However, they also demonstrate areas of resilience. Further research including individuals with facial palsy of other aetiologies is required in order to determine the psychosocial adjustment of children and adolescents with facial palsy. View Full-Text
Keywords: facial palsy; psychosocial adjustment; Moebius syndrome facial palsy; psychosocial adjustment; Moebius syndrome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hotton, M.; Huggons, E.; Hamlet, C.; Bogart, K.; Johnson, D.; Norris, J.H.; Kilcoyne, S.; Dalton, L. A Systematic Review of the Psychosocial Adjustment of Children and Adolescents with Facial Palsy: The Impact of Moebius Syndrome. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5528. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155528

AMA Style

Hotton M, Huggons E, Hamlet C, Bogart K, Johnson D, Norris JH, Kilcoyne S, Dalton L. A Systematic Review of the Psychosocial Adjustment of Children and Adolescents with Facial Palsy: The Impact of Moebius Syndrome. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5528. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155528

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hotton, Matthew, Esme Huggons, Claire Hamlet, Kathleen Bogart, David Johnson, Jonathan H. Norris, Sarah Kilcoyne, and Louise Dalton. 2020. "A Systematic Review of the Psychosocial Adjustment of Children and Adolescents with Facial Palsy: The Impact of Moebius Syndrome" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5528. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155528

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