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Article

Bidirectional Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdowns on Health Behaviors and Quality of Life among Chinese Adults

1
Exercise Translational Medicine Center, Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2
Key Laboratory of Systems Biomedicine (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
3
Faculty of Education, University of Macao, Macao, China
4
Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
5
Exercise, Health and Technology Center, Department of Physical Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
6
School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5575; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155575
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 29 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 2 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health-Related Quality of Life and Chronic Diseases: A Call to Action)
Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created challenges that have caused profound changes in health behaviors. This study aimed to explore how COVID-19 is affecting the health-related quality of life (QoL) among Chinese adults. Methods: The data of health-related behaviors and QoL were collected via online surveys from 2289 adults (mean age = 27.8 ± 12 years) who had been isolated at home for an average of 77 days. Results: More than 50% of the respondents reported that their time engaged in daily physical activity (PA) decreased, while sedentary behavior (SB) time increased compared with that before the lockdown. Only 20% of the respondents reported engaging in moderate-to-vigorous PA, 23% of adults reported changed their diets to be healthier, and 30% reported consuming more vegetables, fruits, and milk products than before home-isolation. During home-isolation, 75.2% of the adults rated their sleep quality as very good, and 65% reported that they were satisfied with their QoL. Sleep quality mediated the relationship between PA and QoL. Conclusion: The two-to-three-month home-isolation has had mixed effects on adult health behaviors in China. The participants were found to have focused more on their eating quality and patterns, which had a positive influence on their QoL. However, people should be encouraged to exercise at home with limited space to maintain a generally healthy lifestyle during a prolonged quarantine. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; pandemic; physical activity; sedentary behavior; sleep diet; pandemic; physical activity; sedentary behavior; sleep
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Lei, S.M.; Le, S.; Yang, Y.; Zhang, B.; Yao, W.; Gao, Z.; Cheng, S. Bidirectional Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdowns on Health Behaviors and Quality of Life among Chinese Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5575. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155575

AMA Style

Wang X, Lei SM, Le S, Yang Y, Zhang B, Yao W, Gao Z, Cheng S. Bidirectional Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdowns on Health Behaviors and Quality of Life among Chinese Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5575. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155575

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Xiuqiang, Si M. Lei, Shenglong Le, Yanxiang Yang, Boyi Zhang, Wu Yao, Zan Gao, and Sulin Cheng. 2020. "Bidirectional Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdowns on Health Behaviors and Quality of Life among Chinese Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5575. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17155575

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