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Review

Nutritional Status Measurement Instruments for Diabetes: A Systematic Psychometric Review

1
Health Sciences PhD Program, Campus de los Jerónimos, Universidad Católica de Murcia UCAM, 30107 Murcia, Spain
2
Department of Occupational Therapy, Campus de los Jerónimos, Universidad Catolica de Murcia UCAM, 30107 Murcia, Spain
3
Institute of Biomedicine of Malaga (IBIMA), 29071 Málaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5719; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17165719
Received: 10 June 2020 / Revised: 3 August 2020 / Accepted: 4 August 2020 / Published: 7 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Instruments for Measuring Health)
Background: Diabetes is a serious chronic disease associated with a large number of complications and an increased risk of premature death. A dietary evaluation is of utmost importance for health promotion, disease prevention and individual treatment plans in patients with diabetes. Methods: An exhaustive search was carried out in various databases—Medline, Web of Science, Open Gray Cochrane Library and Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement Instruments (COSMIN)—for systematic review of the measurement properties of instruments that evaluate the dietary intake of people with diabetes mellitus type 1 and/or 2 according to COSMIN standards. Results: Seven instruments were identified. There was no instrument measuring nutritional status for which all the psychometric properties were evaluated. The methodological quality for each of the psychometric properties evaluated was ‘inadequate’ or ‘doubtful’ for all instruments. The Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) evaluated the most psychometric characteristics and with a better score in terms of quality of the evidence. Conclusions: Several instruments have been developed for the evaluation of dietary intake in people with diabetes. Evaluation of this construct is very useful, both in clinical practice and in research, requiring new knowledge in this area. The FFQ is the best instrument available to assess dietary intake in people with diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional status; diabetes mellitus; questionnaire nutritional status; diabetes mellitus; questionnaire
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montagut-Martínez, P.; Pérez-Cruzado, D.; García-Arenas, J.J. Nutritional Status Measurement Instruments for Diabetes: A Systematic Psychometric Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5719. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17165719

AMA Style

Montagut-Martínez P, Pérez-Cruzado D, García-Arenas JJ. Nutritional Status Measurement Instruments for Diabetes: A Systematic Psychometric Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5719. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17165719

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montagut-Martínez, Pedro, David Pérez-Cruzado, and José J. García-Arenas 2020. "Nutritional Status Measurement Instruments for Diabetes: A Systematic Psychometric Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 16: 5719. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17165719

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