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Article

Can Haematological and Hormonal Biomarkers Predict Fitness Parameters in Youth Soccer Players? A Pilot Study

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Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Section of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, 61029 Urbino, Italy
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Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome “Foro Italico”, 00135 Rome, Italy
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Sant’Andrea Hospital, “Sapienza” University of Rome, 00189 Rome, Italy
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Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Service of Biostatistics, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, 61029 Urbino, Italy
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Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, “Sapienza” University of Rome, 00189 Rome, Italy
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“Empoli F.C.” Soccer Team, 50053 Empoli, Italy
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Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, 04100 Latina, Italy
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Mediterranea Cardiocentro, 80122 Napoli, Italy
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Faculty of Psychology, eCampus University, Novedrate, 22060 Como, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6294; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176294
Received: 28 July 2020 / Revised: 25 August 2020 / Accepted: 27 August 2020 / Published: 29 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and Performance Physiology)
The study aimed to investigate the correlations among immune, haematological, endocrinological markers and fitness parameters, and assess if the physiological parameters could be a predictor of fitness values. Anthropometric, physical evaluations (countermovement jump—CMJ, 10 m sprint, VO2max, repeated sprint ability—RSA total time and index) and determination of blood (IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A and tumour necrosis factor) and salivary (testosterone and cortisol) samples parameters in 28 young male soccer players (age: 13.0 ± 0.2 years, body mass index (BMI): 19.5 ± 2.2 kg/m2) were analysed. To evaluate the dependence of the variables related to athletic performance, multiple linear regression with backward stepwise elimination was considered. A significant regression equation was found in CMJ (F(5,16) = 9.86, p < 0.001, R2 adjusted = 0.679) and in the RSA index (F(5,16) = 15.39, p < 0.001, R2 adjusted = 0.774) considering only five variables, in a 10 m sprint (F(4,17) = 20.25, p < 0.001, R2 adjusted = 0.786) and in the RSA total time (F(4,17) = 15.31, p < 0.001, R2 adjusted = 0.732) considering only four variables and in VO2max (F(9,12) = 32.09, p < 0.001, R2 adjusted = 0.930) considering nine variables. Our study suggests the use of regression equations to predict the fitness values of youth soccer players by blood and saliva samples, during different phases of the season, short periods of match congestion or recovery from an injury. View Full-Text
Keywords: cortisol; countermovement jump; cytokines; maximal oxygen uptake cortisol; countermovement jump; cytokines; maximal oxygen uptake
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MDPI and ACS Style

Perroni, F.; Migliaccio, S.; Borrione, P.; Vetrano, M.; Amatori, S.; Sisti, D.; Rocchi, M.B.L.; Salerno, G.; Vescovo, R.D.; Cavarretta, E.; Guidetti, L.; Baldari, C.; Visco, V. Can Haematological and Hormonal Biomarkers Predict Fitness Parameters in Youth Soccer Players? A Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6294. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176294

AMA Style

Perroni F, Migliaccio S, Borrione P, Vetrano M, Amatori S, Sisti D, Rocchi MBL, Salerno G, Vescovo RD, Cavarretta E, Guidetti L, Baldari C, Visco V. Can Haematological and Hormonal Biomarkers Predict Fitness Parameters in Youth Soccer Players? A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6294. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176294

Chicago/Turabian Style

Perroni, Fabrizio, Silvia Migliaccio, Paolo Borrione, Mario Vetrano, Stefano Amatori, Davide Sisti, Marco B.L. Rocchi, Gerardo Salerno, Riccardo D. Vescovo, Elena Cavarretta, Laura Guidetti, Carlo Baldari, and Vincenzo Visco. 2020. "Can Haematological and Hormonal Biomarkers Predict Fitness Parameters in Youth Soccer Players? A Pilot Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6294. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176294

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