Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, Volume 17, Issue 18 (September-2 2020) – 501 articles
Cover Story (view full-size image): Inhalation of forest volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as limonene and pinene can result in useful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects on the airways, and the pharmacological activity on the brain of some terpenes absorbed through inhalation may induce psychophysical relaxation and improve mood. An immune-boosting effect has also been hypothesized. Tree composition can markedly influence the concentration of specific VOCs in the forest air, which also exhibits cyclic diurnal variations. Moreover, the beneficial effects of visiting a forest cannot solely be attributed to VOC inhalation but are due to an integrated stimulation of the five senses, with the visual component probably playing a fundamental role. Globally, these findings can have useful implications for individual wellbeing, public health, and landscape design. View this paper.
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