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Article

Health-Oriented Self- and Employee Leadership in Virtual Teams: A Qualitative Study with Virtual Leaders

Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Seewartenstr. 10, 20459 Hamburg, Germany
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6519; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186519
Received: 7 August 2020 / Revised: 4 September 2020 / Accepted: 4 September 2020 / Published: 7 September 2020
Virtual teamwork as a new way of working is becoming increasingly prevalent in a growingly globalized and digitalized working environment. Due to the associated raise in health-related stress factors at the workplace and the central role of leaders in workplace health promotion, the aim of this study is to obtain initial findings on the use of health-oriented self- and employee leadership in virtual teams from the perspective of virtual leaders. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 13 virtual leaders by using the problem-centered interview method. The collected data were deductively and inductively evaluated and interpreted using the qualitative content analysis according to Mayring. The results show that virtual leaders ascribed great value of health and showed great awareness in health-oriented self- and employee leadership. Physical activity and boundary management were particularly mentioned as health-oriented self-leadership behaviors. The majority of leaders described communication, building trust, support in boundary management and implementation of personal meetings as health-oriented employee leadership behaviors. In addition to social, technical, and personal factors, primarily organizational factors were mentioned as factors of influence in this context. For a more comprehensive understanding of health-oriented leadership, the inclusion of virtual team members in further research studies is necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: health-oriented leadership; virtual teams; virtual leadership; leadership behavior; factors of influence health-oriented leadership; virtual teams; virtual leadership; leadership behavior; factors of influence
MDPI and ACS Style

Efimov, I.; Harth, V.; Mache, S. Health-Oriented Self- and Employee Leadership in Virtual Teams: A Qualitative Study with Virtual Leaders. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6519. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186519

AMA Style

Efimov I, Harth V, Mache S. Health-Oriented Self- and Employee Leadership in Virtual Teams: A Qualitative Study with Virtual Leaders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6519. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186519

Chicago/Turabian Style

Efimov, Ilona, Volker Harth, and Stefanie Mache. 2020. "Health-Oriented Self- and Employee Leadership in Virtual Teams: A Qualitative Study with Virtual Leaders" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6519. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186519

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