Next Article in Journal
First Results: Innovative Solar Disinfection Technology for Treated Wastewater that Integrates Materiality, Geometry, and Reflective Panels
Next Article in Special Issue
Impact of Job Insecurity on Psychological Well- and Ill-Being among High Performance Coaches
Previous Article in Journal
Psychometric Proprieties of a Mobile Application to Measure the Craniovertebral Angle a Validation and Reliability Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Elite Football Coaches Experiences and Sensemaking about Being Fired: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
Open AccessArticle

Types of Cognitive Appraisal and Undertaken Coping Strategies during Sport Competitions

Faculty of Psychology, Kazimierz Wielki University, Leopold Staff Str. 1, 85-867 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6522; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186522
Received: 22 July 2020 / Revised: 3 September 2020 / Accepted: 4 September 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health and Wellbeing in the Sport Workforce)
The main aim of the research was to distinguish different types of sport competition appraisals and verify if athletes’ interpretation of a stressful situation changed their choice of coping methods. Athletes change their perception during competitions; thus, we assumed that configuration of different ways of interpreting stressful events is more important for coping than one particular appraisal. In total, 193 athletes filled out The Stress Appraisal Questionnaire and The Sport Stress-Coping Strategies Questionnaire to describe their stress appraisals and undertaken coping strategies during a remembered competition that took place within a month before the study. The athletes most often appraised stressful competitions as a challenge. They preferred the coping strategy of being determined to accomplish the established goal. The athletes hardly applied techniques that constituted the basis of mental training. The cluster analysis of the competitors determined three types of sport competition appraisals: positive, negative, and active. An ANOVA with post hoc comparisons showed that participants who revealed positive appraisals undertook the highest number of actions aimed at reaching goals and least frequently sought support. Athletes should be taught not only specific strategies for coping with stress, but also more frequent use of positive judgments of sports competitions. View Full-Text
Keywords: stress; primary appraisal; coping; athletes stress; primary appraisal; coping; athletes
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Litwic-Kaminska, K. Types of Cognitive Appraisal and Undertaken Coping Strategies during Sport Competitions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6522. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186522

AMA Style

Litwic-Kaminska K. Types of Cognitive Appraisal and Undertaken Coping Strategies during Sport Competitions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6522. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186522

Chicago/Turabian Style

Litwic-Kaminska, Kamila. 2020. "Types of Cognitive Appraisal and Undertaken Coping Strategies during Sport Competitions" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 18: 6522. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186522

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop