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Article

The Effects of Obesity-Related Anthropometric Factors on Cardiovascular Risks of Homeless Adults in Taiwan

by 1,2, 1,3,* and 1,3,4,*
1
Graduate Institute of Business Administration, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City 242, Taiwan
2
Taipei City Hospital, Taipei City 10341, Taiwan
3
Artificial Intelligence Development Center, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City 242, Taiwan
4
Department of Urology, Fu-Jen Catholic University Hospital, New Taipei City 242, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6833; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186833
Received: 6 August 2020 / Revised: 15 September 2020 / Accepted: 16 September 2020 / Published: 18 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The World in Crisis: Current Health Issues)
Homelessness is a pre-existing phenomenon in society and an important public health issue that national policy strives to solve. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important health problem of the homeless. This cross-sectional study explored the effects of four obesity-related anthropometric factors—body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)—on cardiovascular disease risks (expressed by three CVD markers: hypertension, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia) among homeless adults in Taipei and compared the relevant results with ordinary adults in Taiwan. The research team sampled homeless adults over the age of 20 in Taipei City in 2018 and collected 297 participants. Through anthropometric measurements, blood pressure measurements, and blood tests, we calculated the obesity-related indicators of the participants and found those at risks of cardiovascular disease. The results showed that the prevalence of hypertension, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia in homeless adults was significantly higher than that of ordinary adults in Taiwan. Among the four obesity-related indicators, WHtR showed the strongest association with the prevalence of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, followed by WHR, both of which showed stronger association than traditional WC and BMI indicators. It can be inferred that abdominal obesity characterized by WHtR is a key risk factor for hypertension and hyperlipidemia in homeless adults in Taiwan. We hope that the results will provide medical clinical references and effectively warn of cardiovascular disease risks for the homeless in Taiwan. View Full-Text
Keywords: homeless adults; BMI; WC; WHR; WHtR; cardiovascular risk homeless adults; BMI; WC; WHR; WHtR; cardiovascular risk
MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, C.-L.; Chen, M.; Liu, C.-K. The Effects of Obesity-Related Anthropometric Factors on Cardiovascular Risks of Homeless Adults in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6833. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186833

AMA Style

Chen C-L, Chen M, Liu C-K. The Effects of Obesity-Related Anthropometric Factors on Cardiovascular Risks of Homeless Adults in Taiwan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6833. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186833

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Ching-Lin, Mingchih Chen, and Chih-Kuang Liu. 2020. "The Effects of Obesity-Related Anthropometric Factors on Cardiovascular Risks of Homeless Adults in Taiwan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6833. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186833

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