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Article

Impact of Individual Headache Types on the Work and Work Efficiency of Headache Sufferers

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Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Faculty of Geology, Campus de Llamaquique, University of Oviedo, 33005 Oviedo, Spain
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Department of Industrial Engineering, University of A Coruña, 15405 Ferrol-A Coruña, Spain
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Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6918; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186918
Received: 30 August 2020 / Revised: 16 September 2020 / Accepted: 17 September 2020 / Published: 22 September 2020
Background: Headaches have not only medical but also great socioeconomic significance, therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the overall impact of headaches on a patient’s life, including their work and work efficiency. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of individual headache types on work and work efficiency. Methods: This research was designed as a cross-sectional study performed by administering a questionnaire among employees. The questionnaire consisted of general questions, questions about headache features, and questions about the impact of headaches on work. Results: Monthly absence from work was mostly represented by migraine sufferers (7.1%), significantly more than with sufferers with tension-type headaches (2.23%; p = 0.019) and other headache types (2.15%; p = 0.025). Migraine sufferers (30.2%) worked in spite of a headache for more than 25 h, which was more frequent than with sufferers from tension-type and other-type headaches (13.4%). On average, headache sufferers reported work efficiency ranging from 66% to 90%. With regard to individual headache types, this range was significantly more frequent in subjects with tension-type headaches, whereas 91–100% efficiency was significantly more frequent in subjects with other headache types. Lower efficiency, i.e., 0–40% and 41–65%, was significantly more frequent with migraine sufferers. Conclusions: Headaches, especially migraines, significantly affect the work and work efficiency of headache sufferers by reducing their productivity. Loss is greater due to reduced efficiency than due to absenteeism. View Full-Text
Keywords: working population; headache burden; migraine; tension-type headache working population; headache burden; migraine; tension-type headache
MDPI and ACS Style

Simić, S.; Rabi-Žikić, T.; Villar, J.R.; Calvo-Rolle, J.L.; Simić, D.; Simić, S.D. Impact of Individual Headache Types on the Work and Work Efficiency of Headache Sufferers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6918. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186918

AMA Style

Simić S, Rabi-Žikić T, Villar JR, Calvo-Rolle JL, Simić D, Simić SD. Impact of Individual Headache Types on the Work and Work Efficiency of Headache Sufferers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6918. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186918

Chicago/Turabian Style

Simić, Svetlana, Tamara Rabi-Žikić, José R. Villar, José L. Calvo-Rolle, Dragan Simić, and Svetislav D. Simić 2020. "Impact of Individual Headache Types on the Work and Work Efficiency of Headache Sufferers" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6918. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17186918

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